Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 225–230 | Cite as

The use of altruism and forgiveness in therapy

  • Joseph R. Canale
  • Royce White
  • Kim Kelly
Article

Abstract

This study investigates the relative likelihood of psychotherapists promoting altruism and forgiveness as therapeutic agents as compared with other techniques. One hundred and five therapists were asked to rate the relative likelihood of fostering altruism, forgiveness, direct expression of feelings, vicarious ventilation of feelings, and self-reinforcement in response to treating four presenting problems where a fictitious client had been hurt by another. Results indicated that, for the most part, altruism and forgiveness were likely to be promoted significantly less often than the other three therapeutic alternatives by the therapists sampled. The association of altruism and forgiveness with religious values and their disassociation from selftheory are posited as possible explanations for the findings.

Keywords

Therapeutic Agent Present Problem Therapeutic Alternative Relative Likelihood Direct Expression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Adler, A. (1939).Social interest: a challenge to mankind. New York: Putnam.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yalom, I. (1985).The theory and practice of group psychotherapy, 3rd ed. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gartner, J. (1988). “The Capacity to Forgive: An Object Relations Perspective.”Journal of Religion and Health, 27, pp. 313–320.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ellis, A. (1986). Rational Emotive Therapy. In I. Kutash & A. Wolf (Eds.),Psychotherapist's Casebook (pp. 277–288). San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Maxem, J. S. (1973). “Group Therapy as Viewed by Hospital Patients.”Archives of General Psychiatry, 28, pp. 404–408.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marcovitz, R. J. & Smith, J. C. (1983). “Patients' Perceptions of Curative Factors in Shortterm Group Psychotherapy.”International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 33, pp. 21–39.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goldberg, F.S., McNeill, D.E., & Binder, R.L. (1987). “Therapeutic Factors in Two Forms of Inpatients Group Psychotherapy: Music Therapy and Verbal Therapy.”Group.12 (3), pp. 145–156.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Webster, D. & Schwartzberg, S. L. (1992). “Patients' Perception of Curative Factors in Occupational Therapy Groups.”Oceupational Therapy in Mental Health.12 (1), pp. 3–24.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ottenson, J. (1979). “Curative Caring: The Use of Buddy Groups with Chronic Schizophrenics.”Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, pp. 649–651.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ornstein, R. & Sobel, D. (1987). “The Healing Brain.”Psychology Today. March, pp. 48–53.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nicholas, M.W. (1993). “How to Deal with Moral Issues in Group Therapy without Being Judgmental.”International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 43, (2), pp. 205–221.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Worthington, E.L., Jr., Dupont, P.D., Berry, J.T., & Duncan, L.A. (1988). “Christian Counselors and Clients' Perceptions of Psychotherapy in Private and Agency Settings.”Journal of Psychology and Theology, 16, pp. 282–293.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ball, R. A. & Goodyear, R. K. (1991). “Self-reported Practices of Christian Psychotherapists.”Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 10, pp. 144–153.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moon, G.W., Willis, D.E., Bailey, J. & Kwasny, J.C. (1993). “Self-reported Use of Christian, Spiritual Guidance Techniques by Christian Psychotherapists, Counselors and Spiritual Directors.”Journal of Psychology and Christianity.12 (11), pp. 24–37.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    McCullough, M.E. & Worthington, E. L. Jr. (1994). “Encouraging Clients to Forgive People who Have Hurt Them: Review, Critique and Research Prospectus.”Journal of Psychology and Theology.22 (3), pp. 3–21.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    DiBlasio, F.A. & Brenda, B.B. (1991). “Practitioners, Religion and the Use of Forgiveness in the Clinical Setting.”Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 10, pp. 166–172.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Canale, J.R. (1990). “Altruism and Forgiveness as Therapeutic Agents in Psychotherapy.”Journal of Religion and Health.29 (4), pp. 297–301.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vitz, P. (1979).Psychology as religion. Grand Rapids. Eerdmans.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Canale, J.R., pp. 297–301.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institutes of Religion and Health 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph R. Canale
    • 1
  • Royce White
    • 1
  • Kim Kelly
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology Department of of Marist CollegePoughkeepsie

Personalised recommendations