Advertisement

Self-talk in upper elementary school children: Its relationship with irrational beliefs, self-esteem, and depression

  • Paul C. Burnett
Articles

Abstract

Self-talk, irrational beliefs, self-esteem and depression were measured in a sample of 105 elementary school children in Grades 4 to 7. Sex and grade differences in positive self-talk were found. The pattern of correlation coefficients for positive self-talk supported the substantive position that positive self-talk is positively related to self-esteem and negatively related to irrational beliefs and depression in a non-clinical sample of children. However, the same support was not forthcoming for the reverse relationships for negative self-talk. Therapeutic implications are outlined as are suggestions for future research in the area of children's self-talk.

Keywords

Elementary School School Child Therapeutic Implication Irrational Belief Reverse Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beck, A.T., Rush, A.J., Shaw, B.F., & Emery, G. (1979).Cognitive Therapy of Depression, New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bernard, M.E., & Joyce, M.R. (1984)Rational-Emotive Therapy with Children and Adolescents. New York: John Wiley Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bernard, M.E. & Lawes, W. (1987).Child and Adolescent Scale of Irrationality. Unpublished Questionnaire: University of Melbourne.Google Scholar
  4. Berne, E. (1964).Games people play: The psychology of human relations. New York: Grove Press.Google Scholar
  5. Brophy, C.J., & Erickson, M.T. (1990). Children's self-statements and adjustment to elective surgery.Developmental and Behavioural Paediatrics, 11, 13–16.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, J.M., O'Keeffe, J., Sanders, S.H., & Baker, B. (1986). Developmental changes in children's cognition to stressful and painful situations.Journal of Paediatric Psychology, 11, 343–357.Google Scholar
  7. Burnett, P.C. (1994). Self-concept and self-esteem in elementary school children.Psychology in the Schools, 31, 164–171.Google Scholar
  8. Butler, P.E. (1981)Talking to yourself: Learning the language of self-support. San Francisco: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  9. DiGiuseppe, R.A. (1981). Cognitive therapy with children. In G. Emery, S.D. Hollon, and R.C. Bedrosian (Eds.)Rational-emotive approach to the problems of childhood. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  10. Ellis, A. (1976).Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stuart.Google Scholar
  11. Kanfer, F.H., Karoly, P., & Newman, A. (1975). Reduction of children's fear of the dark by competence-related and situational threat-related verbal cues.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 251–258.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Kovacs, M., & Beck, A.T. (1977). An empirical clinical approach toward a definition of childhood depression. In J.G. Schulterbrandt & A. Rashin (Eds),Depression in Children, Diagnosis, Treatment and Conceptual Models, p. 1–25, New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  13. Lefkowitz, M.M., & Burton, N. (1978). Childhood depression: A critique of the concept.Psychological Bulletin, 85, 716–726.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Lefkowitz, M.M., & Tesiny, E.P. (1980). Assessment of childhood depression.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 43–50.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Marsh, H.W. (1990).Self Description Questionnaire Manual 1. Sydney: University of Western Sydney.Google Scholar
  16. Meichenbaum, D. (1977).Cognitive-behaviour modification: An integrative approach. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul C. Burnett
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Learning and DevelopmentQueensland University of Technology in BrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations