A profile of the non-profit sector in Romania

  • Alice K. Johnson
  • Dennis R. Young
Research Note


With the revolution of December 1989, citizens of Romania gained the right to form non-profit organisations for the first time in 40 years. Since then, Romania has begun to explore the frontiers of private initiative through the introduction of non-profit, non-governmental organisations as well as profit-making businesses. In this article we review the historical development and legal framework of Romania's emerging non-profit sector. We also provide the first empirical snapshot of that sector by applying the International Classification of Nonprofit Organizations (ICNPO) developed by Salamon and Anheier to 499 organisations identified in theSoros Catalogue of Nongovernmental Organizations in Romania: 1991–92. Finally, we speculate on the future development of the Romanian non-profit sector by considering alternative scenarios involving the relationships between indigenous nonprofits, international NGOs and the Romanian government.


Historical Development Future Development International Classification Nonprofit Organization Legal Framework 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© International Society for Third-Sector Research (ISTR) 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice K. Johnson
    • 1
  • Dennis R. Young
    • 2
  1. 1.Mandel School of Applied Social SciencesCase Western Reserve UniversityCleveland
  2. 2.Nonprofit Management and Economics, Case Western Reserve UniversityUSA

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