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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 255–268 | Cite as

Trichotillomania and related disorders in children and adolescents

  • Gregory L. Hanna
Articles

Abstract

Eleven chronic hair pullers, 11 subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and 11 subjects with a non-OCD anxiety disorder were assessed with structured interviews and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Only 4 hair pullers (36%) reported both rising tension and relief with hair pulling. Each group had significantly more internalizing than externalizing symptoms on the CBCL. Seven hair pullers (64%) had a lifetime history of at least one other axis I diagnosis. The results provide further evidence that trichotillomania in referred children and adolescents is usually a chronic disorder often associated with internalizing symptoms and psychiatric comorbidity. Rising tension followed by relief with hair pulling may be an unnecessary restriction in the diagnosis of childhood trichotillomania.

Key Words

Trichotillomania Phenomenology Comorbidity Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Anxiety Disorder 

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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory L. Hanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric HospitalUniversity of Michigan Medical CenterAnn Arbor

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