Evaluation of indications for the surgical treatment of cavernous hemangioma of the liver
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The indications for liver resection performed in 18 patients with cavernous hemangioma of the liver at the Second Department of Surgery, Kyushu University Hospital, from 1985 to 1993, were reevaluated. The mean age of the patients was 49.7 years. Two patients had abdominal pain and 3 had gastric symptoms. Hepatocellular carcinoma could not be ruled out in 4 patients. None of the other patients had any clinical manifestations other than detection of the tumor. The average size of the tumors was 7.8cm (range 1–21 cm). In all, five partial resections, three subsegmentectomies, seven segmentectomies, and three bisegmentectomies of the liver were performed. No severe complications were encountered postoperatively, and no recurrences were found after the operation. A review of the literature revealed that spontaneous rupture of such tumors is infrequent. It therefore seems that there was no indications for surgery in our patients, except for the 4 in whom hepatocellular carcinoma could not be ruled out. Although elective liver resection for cavernous hemangioma is safe, the indications for surgery should be more narrowly defined in the future.
Key wordshemangioma of the liver resection operative indications
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