Effects of 16, 16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 on lysosomal membrane stability in rat stomach
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The lysosomal membrane encloses numerous hydrolytic enzymes and prevents the cytoplasm from being damaged by these enzymes. It is possible that the fragility of this membrane may be implicated in the pathogenesis of gastric mucosal damage. We investigated the effects of 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (dmPGE2), which is known to protect the gastric mucosa from various noxious agents, on lysosomal membrane stability in the rat stomach. Sodium taurocholate (TC) was used as the damaging agent. To assess lysosomal membrane stability in the gastric mucosa, we assayed acid phosphatase released from lysosomes isolated from a gastric mucosal homogenate. To assess lysosomal membrane stability in gastric surface epithelial cells, we used laser scanning confocal microscopy to observe the fading of red fluorescence in living cells vitally stained with acridine orange. Exogenous dmPGE2 enhanced lysosomal membrane stability in the gastric mucosa, whereas TC decreased it. In gastric surface epithelial cells, exogenous dmPGE2 protected the cells against TC-induced damage and prevented TC-induced decreased lysosmal membrane stability. It was concluded that a decrease in lysosomal membrane stability seemed to be closely involved in the pathogenesis of gastric mucosal damage. Moreover, it appears that stabilization of the lysosomal membrane by exogenous dmPGE2 may contribute to its protective effect in the gastric mucosa, both at the level of gastric surface epithelial cells and in regard to the entire gastric mucosa.
Key wordsprostaglandins lysosome taurocholate stomach laser scanning confocal microscopy
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