Copper ferrocyanide — polyurethane foam as a composite ion exchanger for removal of radioactive cesium

  • S. V. S. Rao
  • K. B. Lal
  • S. V. Narasimhan
  • Jaleel Ahmed


A method has been developed for the removal of cesium from the aqueous radioactive waste using a composite ion-exchanger consisting of Copper-Ferrocyanide Powder (CFC) and Polyurethane (PU) Foam. Polyvinyl acetate has been used as a binder in the preparation of CFC-PU foam. The physical properties of CFC such as density, surface area, IR stretching frequency and lattice parameters have been evaluated and also its potassium and copper(II) content have been estimated. Optimization of loading of CFC on PU foam has been studied. The CFC-PU was viewed under microscope to find out the homogeneity of distribution. Exchange capacities of the CFC-PU foam in different media have been determined and column studies have been carried out. Studies have been undertaken on extraction of cesium from CFC foam and also on digestion of spent CFC-PU foam and immobilization of digested solution in cement matrix. The cement matrices have been characterized with respect to density, bio-resistance and leaching resistance.


Copper Potassium Foam Immobilization Polyurethane 
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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. V. S. Rao
    • 1
  • K. B. Lal
    • 1
  • S. V. Narasimhan
    • 2
  • Jaleel Ahmed
    • 1
  1. 1.Centralized Waste Management FacilityN. W. M. GKalpakkamIndia
  2. 2.Water and Steam Chemistry LaboratoryB.A.R.C. (F)KalpakkamIndia

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