Liquid scintillation measurement of40K for the education on radioactivity
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Liquid scintillation counting of40K in ordinary potassium propionate is a highly suitable experimental task in the general education on radioactivity. The counting efficiency is about 90%, depending little on the measurement conditions. Potassium propionate is of suitable properties and can be easily obtained commercially or by conversion from other compounds. The result of counting, about 1,700 cpm/g, is highly impressive to many students, indicating the existence of40K radioactivity unexpectedly high in the normal nature, and can be used for the exercise of calculating our internal radiation exposure.
KeywordsRadiation Potassium Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Propionate
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