Ecological Research

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 269–278 | Cite as

The species composition and diversity of tree-dwelling beetles in deciduous oak and evergreen forests in central Japan; Relationship between the diversity index and sample size

  • Masahiro Isono
  • Susumu Takeda
  • Hironori Sakurai


During the period fromlate May through December 1981, tree-dwelling beetles were regularly surveyed at three deciduous oak and two evergreen forests in the vicinity of Gifu City. Chrysomelidae and Curculionidae were abundant in these forests. The species diversity and the seasonal succession of species were most apparent in May and June. The three deciduous oak forests, with many species and high equitability, showed more diverse community structure, but fewer individuals, when compared with the two evergreen forests. Furthermore, the species compositions of the deciduous oak forests were seasonally and spatially more heterogeneous than those of the evergreen forests. A few dominant species, however, had a strong influence on the community structure. The relationship between the diversity index and sample size was examined. The diversity index changed with the sample size, and the range of the variation diminished as the sample size increased. However, equilibrium was not reached even in the largest sample size used in this study (20 samples). There was a significantly high correlation (P<0.001) in diversity index between the smaller sample sizes (5, 10, 15) and the largest. It was, therefore, shown that community structures can be compared on the basis of the diversity indices from samples of constant size, even when the samples are small.

Key words

Coleoptera Community structure Species composition Species diversity Tree-dwelling beetles 


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Copyright information

© the Ecological Society of Japan 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahiro Isono
    • 1
  • Susumu Takeda
    • 1
  • Hironori Sakurai
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureGifu UniversityGifuJapan

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