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Ecological Research

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Parasitoid complexes of lepidopteran leaf miners on oaks (Quercus dentata andQuercus mongolica) in Hokkaido, Japan

  • Hiroaki Sato
Article

Abstract

Parasitoid complexes of four microlepidopteran leaf-mining genera,Phyllonorycter, Caloptilia (Gracillariidae),Tischeria (Tischeriidae) andStigmella (Nepticulidae), which make mines on two oaks,Quercus dentata andQuercus mongolica, were studied at the Ishikari Coast, Hokkaido, northern Japan. In total, twenty-five parasitoid species were recognized.Phyllonorycter showed the highest parasitoid-species richness among the four leaf-mining genera. The number of parasitoid species associated with leaf miners onQ. dentata was nearly equal to that associated with miners onQ. mongolica, but a considerable difference was observed in the faunal make-up of parasitoids between leaf miners on the two oaks. The dominant parasitoid species differed betweenPhyllonorycter leucocorona andPhyllonorycter similis even on the same oak,Q. dentata. Factors influencing the host ranges of parasitoids and the parasitoid richness of host species or genera are discussed on the basis of the koinoparasitism/idioparasitism categorization.

Key words

Host range Idioparasitoid Koinoparasitoid Leaf miner Parasitoid complex 

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Copyright information

© Ecological Society of Japan 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroaki Sato
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological LaboratoryNara University of EducationNaraJapan

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