Ecological Research

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 309–321 | Cite as

Survival and growth of konara oak (Quercus serrata Thunb.) seedlings in an abandoned coppice forest

  • Kozue Matsuda
Article

Abstract

Survival and growth of konara oak (Quercus serrata) seedlings were examined on the forest floor of a konara oak coppice stand in Mitaka, Tokyo, for 5 yr (1976–1980) after exclusion of human management. Attention was mainly focused on a large cohort derived from a bumper acorn crop in 1975. Seedlings began to branch in the second year, although some did not branch during the whole 5-yr period. Branched seedling showed higher survival and greater weight in 1980 than unbranched seedlings. Many of the branched seedlings had lost an orthotropic leader shoot and spread their branches laterally, suggesting a response for efficient light-capture. As for unbranched seedlings, a size relationship between leaf area and stem length developing every year was dependent on the shoot size. A small shoot gave priority to enlargement of leaf area, whereas a large shoot gave priority to stem elongation. Yearly variations in seedling mortality and stem elongation were related to the amount of precipitation. Both the initial height and leaf area of germinated seedlings were positively correlated with their survival and weight after five years. Five-year survival of seedlings showed a positive correlation with light intensity at the growth site but a negative correlation with the extent of leaf predation. Sprouts of shrub species grew vigorously and became much taller than the oak seedlings in the 5-yr observation period. The characteristics of forest-floor seedlings were discussed in relation to the regeneration of konara oak forests in general.

Key words

Branching Coppice Konara oak Seedling bank Survival of seedlings 

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Copyright information

© Ecological Society of Japan 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kozue Matsuda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyTokyo Metropolitan UniversityTokyoJapan

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