Living-related liver transplantation: Report of experiences at Shinshu University Hospital
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In view of the relative scarcity of pediatric cadaveric donors, living-related liver transplantation has recently been accepted as an alternative approach. It is also the only method of liver transplantation available in countries where cadaveric organ procurement is prohibited. Here we describe our experience of living-related liver transplantation in 17 patients at Shinshu University Hospital. The safety of the donor operation is of paramount importance in this type of liver transplantation. In Japan, retransplantation is very difficult in the event of the liver graft becoming nonfunctional. We have therefore placed emphasis on the donor hepatectomy technique as well as on surgical procedures and postoperative care to prevent graft loss in the recipient. Fifteen of the 17 patients who received liver transplants are currently alive; and 1 died of cytomegalovirus infection, and 1 of pulmonary complications. The actuarial 1-year survival rate for our series, determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis, was 89.5%. Although living-related liver transplantation requires a complicated surgical procedure, it has achieved reasonable results for both donors and recipients. We consider that living-related liver transplantation is a useful and reasonable option for patients requiring liver transplantation.
Key wordsliving-related liver transplantation partial liver transplantation donor operation
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