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Living-related liver transplantation: Report of experiences at Shinshu University Hospital

  • Yasuhiko Hashikura
  • Masatoshi Makuuchi
  • Seiji Kawasaki
  • Hidetoshi Matsunami
  • Toshihiko Ikegami
  • Yuichi Nakazawa
  • Shinpachi Ishizone
  • Shin-Ichi Miyagawa
  • Yoshitaka Momose
  • Shuichiro Kitahara
  • Haruyasu Honda
  • Hideo Kawarasaki
  • Tadashi Iwanaka
  • Tadatoshi Takayama
Surgeon at Work
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Abstract

In view of the relative scarcity of pediatric cadaveric donors, living-related liver transplantation has recently been accepted as an alternative approach. It is also the only method of liver transplantation available in countries where cadaveric organ procurement is prohibited. Here we describe our experience of living-related liver transplantation in 17 patients at Shinshu University Hospital. The safety of the donor operation is of paramount importance in this type of liver transplantation. In Japan, retransplantation is very difficult in the event of the liver graft becoming nonfunctional. We have therefore placed emphasis on the donor hepatectomy technique as well as on surgical procedures and postoperative care to prevent graft loss in the recipient. Fifteen of the 17 patients who received liver transplants are currently alive; and 1 died of cytomegalovirus infection, and 1 of pulmonary complications. The actuarial 1-year survival rate for our series, determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis, was 89.5%. Although living-related liver transplantation requires a complicated surgical procedure, it has achieved reasonable results for both donors and recipients. We consider that living-related liver transplantation is a useful and reasonable option for patients requiring liver transplantation.

Key words

living-related liver transplantation partial liver transplantation donor operation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuhiko Hashikura
    • 1
  • Masatoshi Makuuchi
    • 1
  • Seiji Kawasaki
    • 1
  • Hidetoshi Matsunami
    • 1
  • Toshihiko Ikegami
    • 1
  • Yuichi Nakazawa
    • 1
  • Shinpachi Ishizone
    • 1
  • Shin-Ichi Miyagawa
    • 1
  • Yoshitaka Momose
    • 1
  • Shuichiro Kitahara
    • 1
  • Haruyasu Honda
    • 1
  • Hideo Kawarasaki
    • 2
  • Tadashi Iwanaka
    • 2
  • Tadatoshi Takayama
    • 3
  1. 1.First Department of SurgeryShinshu University School of MedicineMatsumotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryTokyo University Faculty of MedicineTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryNational Cancer Center Central HospitalTokyoJapan

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