Maxillo-mandibular radiographic evaluation of renal osteodystrophy
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For the assessment of changes in the bone architecture of the maxilla and mandible in renal osteodystrophy, 31 chronic renal failure patients who were undergoing hemodialysis therapy were selected. Thy were evaluated through clinical oral examination, radiographic and biochemical examination.
Dental radiographic evidence of bone disease was found in 17 patients (54.8%).
The most common abnormality was decreased bone density. It was found in 14 patients, 45.2%.
The second most common abnormality was total or partial loss of lamina dura. It was found in 11 patients, 35.5%.
The third most common abnormality was total or partial loss of mandibular canal wall. It was found in 8 patients, 25.8%.
12 patients showed evidence of bone disease both in hands and jawbones, 5 patients only in the jawbones, and 5 patients only in the hands.
Key wordsRenal osteodystrophy Jawbone Hyperparathyroidism
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