Advertisement

Journal of Ethology

, Volume 1, Issue 1–2, pp 22–33 | Cite as

Reexamination on the aggressive mimicry of the cleaner wrasseLabroides dimidiatus by the blennyAspidontus taeniatus (Pisces; Perciformes)

  • Tetsuo Kuwamura
Article

Abstract

Field observations on feeding and related behavior of the mimic blennyAspidontus taeniatus and 3 species closely related to it, and the cleaner fish (model)Labroides dimidiatus were made at the coral reef of Sesoko Island, Okinawa, Japan, along with analysis of gut contents. The mimic blenny fed mostly on demersal eggs of fishes and tentacles of polychaetes, but it rarely tore pieces from the fins of host fishes even when they were posing for cleaning. The feeding habits of the mimic blenny are compared with those in other localities and with those of related species. It is concluded that the mimicry can hardly be regarded as an aggressive one: posing by host fishes seems to be a secondary result of the resemblance which may have developed because of the benefit for immunity from predation, and the resemblance itself prevents the blenny from becoming a specialized fin-eater because it can be easily recognized by host fishes.

Keywords

Secondary Result Related Species Coral Reef Field Observation Animal Ecology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. 1959 Der FischAspidontus taeniatus als Nachahmer des PutzersLabroides dimidiatus.Z. Tierpsychol. 16:19–26.Google Scholar
  2. Hiatt, R. W. & D. W. Strasburg 1960 Ecological relationships of the fish fauna on coral reefs of the Marshall Islands.Ecol. Monogr. 30:65–127.Google Scholar
  3. Kuwamura, T. 1976 Different responses of inshore fishes to the cleaning wrasse,Labroides dimidiatus, as observed in Sirahama.Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab. 23:119–144.Google Scholar
  4. Kuwamura, T. 1980 Cleaning symbiosis among marine organisms at the shallow rocky reefs in Shirahama.Nanki Seibutu 22:29–32 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  5. Kuwamura, T. 1981a Life history and population fluctuation in the labrid fish,Labroides dimidiatus, near the northern limit of its range.Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab. 26:95–117.Google Scholar
  6. Kuwamura, T. 1981b Mimicry of the cleaner wrasseLabroides dimidiatus by the blenniesAspidontus taeniatus andPlagiotremus rhinorhynchos.Nanki Seibutu 23:61–70. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  7. Kuwamura, T. Social structure of the protogynous fishLabroides dimidiatus. Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab. (in press).Google Scholar
  8. Losey, G. S. 1974a Cleaning symbiosis in Puerto Rico with comparison to the tropical Pacific.Copeia 1974:960–970.Google Scholar
  9. Losey, G. S. 1974bAspidontus taeniatus: effects of increased abundance on cleaning symbiosis with notes on pelagic dispersion andA. filamentosus (Pisces, Blenniidae).Z. Tierpsychol. 34:430–435.Google Scholar
  10. Losey, G. S. 1978 The symbiotic behavior of fishes. In: D. I. Mostofsky (ed.)The behavior of fish and other aquatic animals pp. 1–31. Academic Press, N.Y.Google Scholar
  11. Nishihira, M. 1974 Oceanographical conditions around Sesoko Island, Okinawa.Ecol. Stud. Nat. Cons. Ryukyu Isls. 1:195–200. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  12. Okuno, R. 1969a Cleaning behaviors of the rainbow wrasse,Labroides dimidiatus. I.Jap. J. Ecol. 19:184–191. (in Japanese with English synopsis)Google Scholar
  13. Okuno, R. 1969b Cleaning behaviors of the rainbow wrasse,Labroides dimidiatus. II.Jap. J. Ecol. 19:217–222. (in Japanese with English synopsis)Google Scholar
  14. Potts, G. W. 1973 The ethology ofLabroides dimidiatus (Cuv. & Val.) (Labridae, Pisces) on Aldabra.Anim. Behav. 21:250–291.Google Scholar
  15. Randall, J. E. 1958 A review of the labrid fish genusLabroides, with descriptions of two new species and notes on ecology.Pac. Sci. 12:327–347.Google Scholar
  16. Randall, J. E. & H. A. Randall 1960 Examples of mimicry and protective resemblance in tropical marine fishes.Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf & Caribb. 10:444–480.Google Scholar
  17. Robertson, D. R. 1972 Social control of sex reversal in a coral-reef fish.Science 177:1007–1009.Google Scholar
  18. Russell, B. C., G. R. Allen & H. R. Lubbock 1976 New cases of mimicry in marine fishes.J. Zool. Lond. 180:407–423.Google Scholar
  19. Smith-Vaniz, W. F. 1976 The saber-toothed blennies, tribe Nemophini (Pisces: Blenniidae).Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Mongr. 19:1–196.Google Scholar
  20. Springer, V. G. & W. F. Smith-Vaniz 1972 Mimetic relationships involving fishes of the family Blenniidae.Smithsonian Cont. Zool. (112):1–36.Google Scholar
  21. Wickler, W. 1960 Aquarienbeobachtungen anAspidontus, einem ektoparasitischen Fisch.Z. Tierpsychol. 17:277–292.Google Scholar
  22. Wickler, W. 1961 Über das Verhalten der BlenniidenRunula undAspidontus (Pisces, Blenniidae).Z. Tierpsychol. 18:421–440.Google Scholar
  23. Wickler, W. 1963 Zum Problem der Signalbildung, am Beispiel der Verhaltens-mimikry zwischenAspidontus undLabroides (Pisces, Acanthopterygii).Z. Tierpsychol. 20:657–679.Google Scholar
  24. Wickler, W. 1968 Mimicry in plants and animals. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 225pp.Google Scholar
  25. Yamamoto, T. 1979. Distribution and abundance ofEupomacentrus nigricans (Lacépède) (Pisces, Pomacentridae) in the Ryukyu Islands.Sesoko Mar. Sci. Lab. Tech. Rep. 6:3–32.Google Scholar
  26. Yoshino, T. & S. Nishijima 1981 A list of fishes found around Sesoko Island, Okinawa.Sesoko Mar. Sci. Lab. Tech. Rep. 8:19–87.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsuo Kuwamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Liberal ArtsChukyo UniversityNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations