Ecological Research

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 85–97 | Cite as

Sexual difference of lifetime movement in adults of the Japanese skimmer,Orthetrum japonicum (Odonata: Libellulidae), in a forest-paddy field complex

  • Mamoru Watanabe
  • Takayoshi Higashi
Article

Abstract

The mark-and-recapture method was used to study the lifetime movement of the Japanese skimmer,Orthetrum japonicum, in a forest-paddy field complex in the warmtemperate zone of Japan. The flight season was from mid April to late June. The age structure showed that the maiden flight occurred towards the forest from the emergence sites (paddy fields) for both sexes. The insects returned to the paddy fields after maturation. The total number of skimmers estimated in the whole survey area was about 1000–2000, of which about 200 males were found in the paddy fields. The average lengths of the immature and reproductive periods were about 10 and 20 days in both sexes, respectively. Most mature males tended to stay in the paddy fields and showed territorial behavior, while most mature females moved frequently between the forest and the paddy fields. The average extent of each territory was about 19 m2, being established mainly in the shady paddy fields. Few males were sneakers. The available habitat throughout the life span for the skimmers was both the paddy fields and the forest.

Key words

Forest-paddy field complex ecosystem Habitat Mark-and-recapture method Movement Orthetram japonicum 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arai, Y. (1983) Mating behaviour ofSympetrum risi risi. Insectarium20: 150–154 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  2. Corbet, P. S. (1962) A biology of dragonflies. 16+247 pp. Witherby, London.Google Scholar
  3. Higashi, K. (1969) Territoriality and dispersal in the population of dragonfly,Crocothemis servilia Drury (Odonata: Anisoptera). Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyushu Univ., Ser. E (Biol.)5: 95–113.Google Scholar
  4. Ishida, S. (1976) Insects' life in Japan, vol. II: Dragonflies. 4+265 pp. Hoikusha, Osaka (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  5. Ito, Y. (1960) Territorialism in a dragonfly,Orthetrum albistylum speciosum Uhler (Odonata: (Anisoptera). Insect Ecol.8: 71–81 (In Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  6. Jacobs, M. E. (1955) Studies on territorialism and sexual selection in dragonflies. Ecology36: 566–586.Google Scholar
  7. Johnson, C. (1962) A description of territorial behavior and a quantitative study of its function in males ofHetaerina americana (Fabricius) (Odonata: Agriidae). Can. Entomol.94: 178–190.Google Scholar
  8. Johnson, C. G. (1960) A basis for a general system of insect migration and dispersal by flight. Nature186: 348–350.Google Scholar
  9. — (1963) Physiological factors in insect migration by flight. Nature198: 423–427.Google Scholar
  10. Jolly, G. M. (1965) Explicit estimates from capture-recapture data with both death and immigrationstochastic model. Biometrika52: 225–247.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kasuya, E., Mashima, Y. &Hirokawa, J. (1987) Reproductive behavior of the dragonfly,Orthetrum japonicum (Odonata: Libellulidae). J. Ethol.5: 105–113.Google Scholar
  12. Kruner, U. (1977) River-und Fortpflanzungsverhalten vonOrthetrum cancellatum (Linnaeus) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica6: 264–270.Google Scholar
  13. Larsen, T. B. (1981) Butterflies as prey forOrthetrum austeni (Kirby) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Notul. Odonatol.1: 130–133.Google Scholar
  14. McVey, M. (1985) Rates of color maturation in relation to age, diet, and temperature in maleErythemis simplicicollis (Say) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica14: 101–114.Google Scholar
  15. Miller, P. L. (1983) The duration of copulation correlates with other aspects of mating behaviour inOrthetrum chrypsostigma (Burmeister) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica12: 227–238.Google Scholar
  16. Mizuta, K. (1982) Territory of the genusOrthetrum. Insectarium19: 198–207 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  17. Moore, N. W. (1952) On the so-called “territories” of dragonflies (Odonata-Anisoptera). Behaviour4: 85–99.Google Scholar
  18. — (1957) Territory in dragonflies and birds. Bird Study4: 125–130.Google Scholar
  19. Parr, M. J. (1983) An analysis of territoriality in libellulid dragonflies (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica12: 39–57.Google Scholar
  20. Robertson, H. M. (1985) Female dimorphism and mating behaviour in a damselfly,Ischunra ramburi: females mimicking males. Anim. Behav.33: 805–809.Google Scholar
  21. Rokuyama, M. (1966) Shioya-tombo. Nature Study12: 27–31 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  22. Siva-Jothy, M. T. (1987) Variation in copulation duration and the resultant degree of sperm removal inOrthetrum cancellatum (L.) (Libellulidae: Odonata). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.20: 147–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Slobodchikoff, C. N. (1984) Resources and the evolution of social behavior. “A new ecology” (ed. Price, P. W., Slobodchikoff, C. N. & Gaud, W. S.), 227–251. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  24. Taguchi, M. &Watanabe, M. (1984) Ecological studies of dragonflies in paddy fields surrounded by hills. I. Seasonal fluctuations of adult populations. Bull. Fac. Education, Mie Univ.35 Nat. Sci.: 69–76 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  25. —— (1987) Ecological studies of dragonflies in paddy fields surrounded by hills. IV. Spatial distribution ofSympetrum eroticum eroticum in relation to seasonal fluctuation of the shaded area. Bull. Fac. Education, Mie Univ.38 Nat. Sci.: 57–67 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  26. Ubukata, H. (1974) Relative abundance and phenology of adult dragonflies at a dystrophic pond in Usubetsu, near Sapporo. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. Ser. VI, Zool.19: 758–776.Google Scholar
  27. Utzeri, C., Carchini, G., Falchetti, E. &Belfiore, C. (1984) Philopatry, homing and dispersal inLestes barbarus (Fabricius) (Zygoptera: Lestidae). Odonatologica13: 573–584.Google Scholar
  28. Watanabe, M. (1986) A preliminary study of the population dynamics ofOrthetrum j. japonicum (Uhler) in paddy fields (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica15: 219–222.Google Scholar
  29. — (1987) Fecundity and oviposition pattern in the damselflyCopera annulata (Selys) (Zygoptera: Platycnemididae). Odonatologica16: 85–92.Google Scholar
  30. —,Ohsawa, N. &Taguchi, M. (1986) Studies on quantitative evaluation of forest-marsh complex ecosystem using Coenagrionodea (Zygoptera: Platycnemididae, Lestidae) as biological index. Environmental Research61: 25–34 (In Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  31. — &Taguchi, M. (1988) Community structure of coexistingSympetrum species in the central Japanese paddy fields in autumn (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica,17: 249–262.Google Scholar
  32. Wolf, L. L. &Waltz, E. C. (1984) Dominions and site-fixed aggressive behavior in breeding maleLeucorrhinia intacta (Odonata: Liberllulidae). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.14: 107–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Ecological Society of Japan 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mamoru Watanabe
    • 1
  • Takayoshi Higashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of EducationMie UniversityTsushi, MieJapan

Personalised recommendations