Myo-electric signals to augment speech recognition
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It is proposed that myo-electric signals can be used to augment conventional speech-recognition systems to improve their performance under acoustically noisy conditions (e.g. in an aircraft cockpit). A preliminary study is performed to ascertain the presence of speech information within myo-electric signals from facial muscles. Five surface myo-electric signals are recorded during speech, using Ag−AgCl button electrodes embedded in a pilot oxygen mask. An acoustic channel is also recorded to enable segmentation of the recorded myo-electric signal. These segments are processed off-line, using a wavelet transform feature set, and classified with linear discriminant analysis. Two experiments are performed, using a ten-word vocabulary consisting of the numbers ‘zero’ to ‘nine’. Five subjects are tested in the first experiment, where the vocabulary is not randomised. Subjects repeat each word continuously for 1 min; classification errors range from 0.0% to 6.1%. Two of the subjects perform the second experiment, saying words from the vocabulary randomly; classification errors are 2.7% and 10.4%. The results demonstrate that there is excellent potential for using surface myo-electric signals to enhance the performance of a conventional speech-recognition system.
KeywordsSpeech recognition Myo-electric signal Wavelet transform Pattern recognition Biological signal processing
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