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Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 106, Issue 3, pp 213–217 | Cite as

Pollination biology of the saprophytic speciesPetrosavia sakuraii (Makino) van Steenis in Central Japan

  • Hiroshi Takahashi
  • Eiji Nishio
  • Hirotaka Hayashi
Original Articles

Abstract

Pollination biology of the saprophytic speciesPetrosavia sakuraii was investigated in Central Japan. The flower opens at any time of the day, and the anthers of outer stamens dehisce after about one day and those of the inner stamens after two days. The stigmata on the semicarpous (nearly apocarpous) pistil, which are already receptive when the flower opens, are situated in the center of the flower and move gradually outwards to touch the anthers of outer stamens about five days after anthesis. The breeding experiments show that the stigmata are receptive at least for five days, and many seeds are produced through autonomous self-pollination. That means the nearly apocarpous pistil, which is in a primitive condition, is adapted to the autonomous self-pollination. The selfing rate including insect-mediated self-pollination is very high, and this sexual-reproductive system seems favorable to the saprophytic plant which is probably severely limited in its resources. However, cross-pollination also may be performed by the small bees of Lasioglossum and some other insects, even though they do not so frequently visit the flowers and the out-crossing rate is low.

Key words

Petrosavia sakuraij Pollination Protogyny Saprophyte Self-pollination 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Takahashi
    • 1
  • Eiji Nishio
    • 1
  • Hirotaka Hayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of EducationGifu UniversityGifuJapan

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