Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 106, Issue 2, pp 137–142 | Cite as

Xylem changes in the correlative inhibition of lateral bud growth in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)

  • Manjarabad V. S. Raju
  • William N. Marchuk
Article

Abstract

Xylem or tracheary changes at the base of the cotyledonary buds of flax seedlings (Linum usitatissimum L.), released from inhibition by decapitation of the main apex were studied. The differentiation of xylem strands and/or tracheary elements was correlated with the growth in length of the lateral buds, especially 48–72 hr after the removal of the main apex. The xylem strands, connected to the hypocotylary stele or not, and the tracheary elements increased with age within and outside the strands of both non-decapitated and decapitated seedlings. In the latter, the differentiation of these structures, however, occurred much earlier and in greater abundance in the same regions. The early growth in length of lateral buds, 1 or 2 hr after decapitation, was correlated with the early development of tracheary perforations in the xylem strands. The xylary strands with perforated elements are known to be more efficient than those without them. Therefore, it is suggested that the inhibition of lateral-bud growth was due, in fact, to a lack of appropriate tracheary perforations in the bud xylem strands that were connected with the hypocotylary stele of flax seedlings.

Key words

Apical dominance Flax Linum Xylem changes 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manjarabad V. S. Raju
    • 1
  • William N. Marchuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentUniversity of ReginaReginaCanada
  2. 2.Biology DepartmentRed Deer CollegeRed DeerCanada

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