Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 108, Issue 4, pp 407–416 | Cite as

Developmental genetics of leaf morphogenesis in dicotyledonous plants

  • Hirokazu Tsukaya
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Abstract

A full understanding of the leaf is essential for a full understanding of plant morphology. However, leaf morphogenesis is still poorly understood, in particular in dicotyledonous plants, because of the complex nature of the development of leaves. Mutational analysis seems to be the most suitable strategy for investigations of such processes, and should allow us to dissect the developmental pathways into genetically programmed unit processes. The techniques of developmental genetics have been applied to the study of leaf morphogenesis in model plants, such asArabidopsis thaliana, and several key processes in leaf morphogenesis have been identified. The fundamental processes in leaf morphogenesis include the identification of leaf organs, determination of leaf primordia (occurrence of marginal meristem), and the polar or non-polar elongation of leaf cells. This review will focus on the genes that are essential for these processes and have been identified in mutational analyses. Mutational analyses of the photomorphogenesis is also briefly summarized from the perspective of the plasticity of leaf morphogenesis.

Key words

Arabidopsis Developmental genetics Dicots Leaf Morphogenesis Mutants 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirokazu Tsukaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Molecular and Cellular BiosciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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