Integrated model for estimating phosphor signal and noise transfer characteristics on medical images: application to CdPO3Cl:Mn phosphor screens

  • D. Cavouras
  • I. Kandarakis
  • G. S. Panayiotakis
  • C. D. Nomicos


An integrated model describing the signal and noise transfer characteristics of the objective image quality and information content in phosphor-produced images is presented. In the context of this model, important imaging parameters, namely optical gain, modulation transfer function, noise transfer function, detective quantum efficiency and information capacity were experimentally evaluated using seven laboratory-prepared CdPO3Cl:Mn test phosphor screens of varying coating thickness. This phosphor has been previously shown to exhibit high spectral compatibility properties with the films and optical sensors used in digital imaging systems. Experiments were performed using 50–120 kVp X-rays produced by a medical X-ray unit. Results showed that, for thick screens, optical gain attained peak values close to 200 optical photons per incident X-ray at 50 kVp. The noise transfer function was higher than the modulation transfer function. For the thin screen of 21 mgcm−2, the modulation transfer function was 0.25 at 100 line pairs mm−1, and the corresponding noise transfer function was 0.4. The detection quantum efficiency peak value was 0.22 at 50 kVp. These values are within acceptable performance limits, and, given the phosphor material's high spectral compatibility and medium temporal response, CdPO3Cl:Mn could be considered for use in X-ray detectors of static radiography imaging.


X-ray imaging Phosphor screens Modulation transfer function Detective quantum efficiency Information capacity 


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Copyright information

© IFMBE 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Cavouras
    • 1
  • I. Kandarakis
    • 1
  • G. S. Panayiotakis
    • 2
  • C. D. Nomicos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical Instrumentation TechnologyTechnological Educational Institution of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Medical Physics, Medical SchoolUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  3. 3.Department of ElectronicsTechnological Educational Institution of AthensAthensGreece

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