Surgical removal of idiopathic, myopic and age-related subfoveal neovascularization

  • Ferdinando Bottoni
  • Pietro Airaghi
  • Emanuele Perego
  • Sergio Ortolina
  • Giuseppe Carlevaro
  • Vito De Molfetta
Vitreo-Retinal

Abstract

• Background: We investigated the functional outcomes of macular surgery for idiopathic, myopic and age-related subfoveal neovascular membranes and looked for preoperative features associated with better final visual acuity (VA). • Methods: We retrospectively studied 61 patients who had undergone macular surgery in our department between October 1992 and September 1994. Follow-up ranged from 5 to 27 months. Of 61 eyes with subfoveal neovascularizations, 6 were idiopathic, 21 had high myopia (-13 D median) and 34 displayed age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Median preoperative VA was 5/200 in AMD, 20/300 in myopia and 20/200 in idiopathic cases. • Results: Four of the six eyes with idiopathic subfoveal neovascularization had VA 20/60 or better after a median follow-up of 18 months. Of the 21 eyes with high moypia, 10 (48%) improved and 13 (62%) were 20/ 200 or greater after a median follow-up of 12 months. Among the 34 eyes with AMD, VA improved in 7 (21%), but only 6 (18%) were 20/ 200 or better after a median follow-up of 7 months. Overall, complications included five retinal detachments, ten cataracts and an increase in size of the retinal pigment epithelium defect over the neovascular membrane of 2.3 + 0.8 times (mean± SD) in idiopathic eyes, 5.9±3.6 times in myopia and 19.5 ± 12.2 times in AMD. Recurrence rates for idiopathic, myopic and age-related neovascular membranes were 33%, 19% and 18% re spectively. Etiology (P=0.035), initial VA in myopic eyes (P=0.026) and initial size of the neovascular membranes in AMD (P=0.025) were preoperative factors with a significant effect on final visual outcome. • Conclusions: Surgical excision of subfoveal neovascular membranes yields different functional results depending on the underlying disease. Severe alteration of the retinal pigment epithelium —Bruch's membrane complex may be responsible for the poor visual outcomes in AMD.

Keywords

Visual Acuity Retinal Pigment Epithelium Retinal Detachment Myopia High Myopia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ferdinando Bottoni
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pietro Airaghi
    • 1
  • Emanuele Perego
    • 1
  • Sergio Ortolina
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Carlevaro
    • 1
  • Vito De Molfetta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, San Gerardo Hospital, Institute of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of MilanMonzaItaly
  2. 2.MilanItaly

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