Theoretica Chimica Acta

, Volume 95, Issue 3–4, pp 99–112 | Cite as

Molecular structures of mononitroanilines and their thermal decomposition products

  • P. C. Chen
  • W. Lo
  • K. H. Hu


The molecular structures of 2-nitro, 3-nitro, and 4-nitroaniline and their internal rotational isomers were calculated by anab-initio method using HF/6-31G* basis set. The geometries were influenced by the nitro group's position. The perturbation of the amino group on the nitro group was observed in a 2-nitroaniline isomer having a molecular structure distinct from that of the other two isomers. Among them, 4-nitroaniline is the most stable one. Internal rotation tests of either the nitro or amino group of 3-nitro and 4-nitroaniline indicate that no significant deformations of the phenyl ring occurred after internal rotation; however, the internal rotational isomers of 2-nitroaniline differed from its original structure. Relatively easier internal rotation of the nitro group than the amino group and different C-NO2 and C-NH2 bonds indicate the bond-breaking message of nitroanilines. As products of explosives induced by thermal or shock are of interest, five products of 2-nitroaniline were selected to assess their geometries and energies. The above calculations revealed that these products are thermodynamically unfavorable.

Key words

Nitroamline Internal rotation Molecular orbital Molecular structure Intramolecular transfer 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Chen
    • 1
  • W. Lo
    • 1
  • K. H. Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryChung Cheng Institute of TechnologyTashi, TaoyuanTaiwan, ROC

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