The delocalisation energy of benzene and the non-empirical MO theory
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Algebraic expressions for the vertical Delocalisation Energy (DE) of benzene are derived from non-empirical MO theory. For comparison with early work in the π-electron approximation, and ultimately with Hückel theory, the results are formulated in terms of a core resonance integral,β, and π-electronic repulsion integrals. All integral values are inferred from the results ofab initio SCF calculations. Two expressions are derived, which refer to two ways of forming the localised π MOs: one where three pairs of adjacent atomic orbitals are selected from a set of six orthogonalised orbitals; and another where a non-orthogonal set of atomic orbitals is used. The first expression is formally similar to an expression originally derived by Pople from a different point of view and with many approximations. This expression gives too large a magnitude for DE when used with anab initio value ofβ. The second expression gives a result much closer to an empirical value of DE and shows that the main reason for DE being about 50% of 2β rather than 2β is the stabilising effect of overlap in the localised structure, and that the less important factor is the inclusion of electronic repulsion.
Key wordsDelocalisation energy Non-empirical MO Resonance integral
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