Planta

, Volume 182, Issue 4, pp 546–552 | Cite as

Lysine-insensitive aspartate kinase in two threonine-overproducing mutants of maize

  • Stanton B. Dotson
  • David A. Frisch
  • David A. Somers
  • Burle G. Gengenbach
Article

Abstract

Aspartate kinase (AK; EC 2.7.2.A) catalyzes the first reaction in the biosynthesis pathway for aspartate-derived amino acids in plants. Aspartate kinase was purified from wildtype and two maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes carrying unlinked dominant mutations,Ask LT19 andAsk2 -LT20, that conferred overproduction of threonine, lysine, methionine and isoleucine. The objective of this investigation was to characterize the AKs from mutant and wildtype plants to determine their role in regulating the synthesis of aspartate-derived amino acids in maize. Kernels of the homozygousAsk2 mutant exhibited 174-, 10-, 13- and 2-fold increases in, in this sequence, free threonine, lysine, methionine and isoleucine, compared to wildtype. In wildtype maize, AK was allosterically feedback-inhibited by lysine with 10 μMl-lysine required for 50% inhibition. In contrast, AK purified from the isogenic heterozygousAsk and homozygousAsk2 mutants required 25 and 760 μM lysine for 50% inhibition, respectively, indicating thatAsk andAsk2 were separate structural loci for lysine-regulated AK subunits in maize. Further characterization of purified AK from the homozygous mutantAsk2 line indicated altered substrate and lysine inhibition kinetics. The apparent Hill coefficient was 0.7 for the mutantAsk2 AK compared with 1.6 for the wildtype enzyme, indicating that the mutant allele conferred the loss of a lysinebinding site to the mutant AK. Lysine appeared to be a linear noncompetitive inhibitor ofAsk2 AK with respect to MgATP and an uncompetitive inhibitor with respect to aspartate compared to S-parabolic, I parabolic noncompetitive inhibition of wildtype AK. Reduced lysine sensitivity of theAsk2 gene product appeared to reduce the lysine inhibition of all of the AK activity detected in homozygousAsk2 plants, indicating that maize AK is a heteromeric enzyme consisting of the two lysine-sensitive polypeptides derived from theAsk andAsk2 structural genes.

Key words

Amino acid biosynthesis Aspartate kinase Lysine Mutant (threonine overproduction) Threonine Zea(amino acids) 

Abbreviations

AK(s)

aspartate kinase(s)

LT

equimolar lysine plus threonine

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanton B. Dotson
    • 1
  • David A. Frisch
    • 1
  • David A. Somers
    • 1
  • Burle G. Gengenbach
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, and Plant Molecular Genetics InstituteUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

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