Tandemly repeated satellite DNA ofDolichopoda schiavazzii: A test for models on the evolution of highly repetitive DNA
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Three specific satellite DNA families can be detected in the genome of the cave cricketDolichopoda schiavazzii. ThepDoP102 and thepDsPv400 families are species specific forD. schiavazzii; thepDoP500 family is probably present in allDolichopoda species. The three satellite DNA families were characterized from individuals of three isolated populations ofD. schiavazzii with respect to nucleotide sequence, sequence complexity, sequence variability, and copy number. This unique data set on satellite DNAs of D. schiavazzii seems to allow one to test the significance of theoretical approaches to the mode of evolution of noncoding, tandemly arranged satellite DNA. At least for satellite DNAs ofD. schiavazzii two clear trends were observed: (1) sequence variability increases with copy number and (2) the repeat length decreases with copy number. The first trend is in good agreement with the theory but the second is not. Thus, a revision of the models is proposed.
Key wordsConcerted evolution Noncoding DNA Recombination Sequence homogenization Unequal crossing-over
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