The van Cittert-Zernike theorem states that the spatial coherence over a space illuminated by an incoherent extended source is described by the Fourier transform of the intensity distribution over the source. The theorem is usually used in a restricted case of the spatial coherence in a plane parallel to the source plane and illuminated by an incoherent extended source of uniform intensity distribution. In this paper we re-examine the van Cittert-Zernike theorem by reviewing it in an original formulation and extend the theorem to the spatial coherence at any two points of a light field illuminated by an incoherent extended source having a non-uniform intensity distribution.
KeywordsFourier Fourier Transform Coherence Communication Network Intensity Distribution
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