5-Hydroxytryptamine immunoreactivity is detectable in sympathetic nerve fibres in rat oral tissues
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The aim of this investigation was to examine if 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is detectable not only in mast cells but also in sympathetic nerve fibres in oral sites of the rat, including the periodontal ligament, pulp, palatal mucosa, and vestibular sulcus. Antibodies against 5-HT and tyrosine hydroxylase were used. Maxillae from rats were dissected free, fixed, decalcified, cut transversally, and processed for immunohistochemistry. Nerve fibres showing 5-HT-like immunoreactivity were regularly observed in the walls of the arteries and arterioles in the vestibular sulcus and the periodontal ligament. However, 5-HT-like immunoreactivity was not seen in the walls of the vessels of the palatal mucosa. Interestingly, 5-HT-like immunoreactivity coexisted with tyrosine hydroxylase-like immunoreactivity in the innervation of the periodontal ligament and the vestibular sulcus. Thus, the present study gives morphological correlate for the occurrence of effects of 5-HT derived not only from mast cells but also from sympathetic nerve fibres in oral tissues. The source of 5-HT in the nerve fibres as well as the functional implications of the observations remain to be determined.
KeywordsTyrosine Mast Cell Nerve Fibre Tyrosine Hydroxylase Sympathetic Nerve
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