Journal of Biological Physics

, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 124–143 | Cite as

Biophysics of animal response to an electrostatic field

  • Francis X. Hart
  • Andrew A. Marino


Numerous reports have described biological effects in animals exposed to electrostatic fields. Present equilibrium theory does not envision such effects because the bulk conductivity of biological tissue is generally held to prevent penetration of the applied electric field. Employing a two-layer mathematical model of an animal exposed to an electrostatic field we show that if the transient response of the animal is considered, then electric fields of significant strength and periodicity can occur inside the animal. We show also that the total energy available to an animal in an electrostatic field is extraordinarily small, and therefore that the biological effects associated with such exposure are not energetically driven by the applied field.


Polymer Mathematical Model Statistical Physic Total Energy Biological Effect 
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Copyright information

© Physical Biological Sciences Ltd 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis X. Hart
    • 1
  • Andrew A. Marino
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of the South SewaneeTennessee
  2. 2.Veterans Administration HospitalSyracuse

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