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Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 17, Issue 12, pp 905–912 | Cite as

Parasitism ofAphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae) byAllothrombium pulvinum larvae (Acari: Trombidiidae) in cotton fields: spatial dispersion and density dependence

  • Zhi-Qiang Zhang
  • Peirong Chen
Article

Abstract

Spatial aspects of the interaction between the aphid host,Aphis gossypii, and its parasite,Allo-thrombium pulvinum larvae, on cotton plants were examined in seven fields in China. For both the host and the parasite, sample variance increased with the mean according to Taylor's power law, which explained a substantial proportion (84–97%) of the variation in the data. Although both the host and parasite showed aggregated distribution on cotton plants, the host aphids aggregated more strongly than the parasites. The host dispersion pattern was not significantly affected by the presence of parasites. Increasing the spatial scales of observation from individual plot to the entire field also had no significant effects on host and parasite dispersion patterns. Parasites aggregated in cotton plants with higher aphid densities in five out of the seventeen samples. Spatial patterns of parasitism were mostly host density-independent (71% of the samples) and sometimes inversely density-dependent (29% of the sample). The processes underlying these patterns were discussed.

Keywords

Spatial Pattern Spatial Scale Substantial Proportion Sample Variance Density Dependence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhi-Qiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Peirong Chen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Sheyang Cotton Seed FarmJiangsuChina

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