Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 19–25 | Cite as

Delamination-crack propagation in ballistically impacted glass/epoxy composite laminates

Velocities of delamination-crack propagation and of development of the generator strip which initiates delamination were measured in ballistically impacted composite laminates
  • N. Takeda
  • R. L. Sierakowski
  • C. A. Ross
  • L. E. Malvern


For ballistically impacted glass/epoxy cross-ply laminated plates with three five-layer unidirectional laminas, high-speed photos were taken from the back of plates, illuminated from the front side. The semitransparency of the plates enabled a Nova high-speed camera to record delamination-crack propagations at speeds of up to 40,000 frames/s. The delamination crack in the fiber direction of the first (second) lamina at the first (second) interface, propagated initially at 300–400 (400–500) m/s which decreased to 200–300 (270–400) m/s during the period of observation, and decelerated to a stop within 100 (300) μs. This last velocity range (270–400 m/s) agreed well with the largest-amplitude flexural-wave velocity measured by strain gages. This is a documentation that delamination is associated with the flexural wave.

A velocity gage consisting of a silver conductive paint was modified to measure propagation velocities of the generator strip which was cut from the first lamina by two through-the-thickness cracks and which initiated a sequential delamination. This generator-strip-formation velocity was higher than the measured delamination-crack-propagation velocity. This fact is consistent with the assumption that the generator strip initiates delamination cracks.


Mechanical Engineer Fluid Dynamics Strain Gage Propagation Velocity Composite Laminate 
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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Takeda
    • 1
  • R. L. Sierakowski
    • 2
  • C. A. Ross
    • 2
  • L. E. Malvern
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Space and Aeronautical ScienceUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Engineering ScienceUniversity of FloridaGainesville

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