A thin-sheet, combined tension and bending specimen


Validating stress intensity factor solutions for combined tension and bending is an arduous task because the necessary experimental data are not readily available. Toward this end, a tension and bending test specimen was designed to produce controllable levels of both tension stress and bending stress at the crack location. The specimen was made from 2024-T3 clad aluminum, which is commonly used in aircraft structures. The need for testing multiple specimens of various geometries and stress levels prompted the development of an analytical tool for specimen design. An extention of the Schijve line model, based on simple beam theory, was developed to calculate the stress distributions of tension and bending through the length of the specimen. A comparison of measured static strain levels with those predicted by the model showed the model to be accurate to within 5 percent, confirming its efficacy for specimen design. As expected, for the same remote stress (100 MPa), cracks in the tension and bending specimens grew faster than those in middle-cracked tension specimens.

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Fawaz, S.A., de Rijck, J.J.M. A thin-sheet, combined tension and bending specimen. Experimental Mechanics 39, 171–176 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02323549

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Key Words

  • Combined tension and bending
  • thin sheet
  • stress intensity factor
  • finite element analysis
  • experimental measurements