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Plant and Soil

, Volume 81, Issue 3, pp 377–388 | Cite as

Seasonal changes in foliar macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca and Mg) inEucalyptus saligna Sm. andE. wandoo Blakely growing in rehabilitated bauxite mine soils of the Darling Range, Western Australia

  • David T. Bell
  • Samuel C. Ward
Article

Summary

Seasonal changes in the foliar concentration of macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca and Mg) in sapling trees ofEucalyptus saligna Sm. andE. wandoo Blakely growing in rehabilitated bauxite mined areas in the Darling Range of Western Australia are described. Foliar N concentration decreased with age of the fully expanded leaf tissue. Leaf N concentrations were also high when rates of litter decomposition were expected to be high during the period of early spring. The greatest foliar N difference between trees growing in good soil conditions and those from poorer soil conditions also occurred during this period. Levels of P in leaves were highest in young developing leaves but once the leaves reached full size, no seasonal trend in P concentration was observed. Foliar K was lower during the winter and probably related to the period of maximum leaching by precipitation. High foliar K during summer, however, could be related to the role of K in lowering cellular water potential. Leaf Ca was highest during early sping. Low mobility of cellular Ca during the cool portion of the year was indicated. Foliar Mg showed a weak pattern of decreasing concentration with leaf age.

The best season for sampling for these broadleafed evergreen species to provide information on plant nutrient status appears to be in spring.

Key words

Calcium Eucalyptus saligna Eucalyptus wandoo Foliar nutrients Magnesium Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium Rehabilitation Seasonal trends 

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • David T. Bell
    • 1
  • Samuel C. Ward
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of Western AustraliaNedlands
  2. 2.Environmental DepartmentAlcoa of Australia LtdPinjarra

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