The melanophore hormone

  • Frances K. Oldham
  • N. O. Calloway
  • E. M. K. Geiling
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Keywords

Human Physiology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Abolin, L.: Beeinflussung des Fischfarbwechsels durch Chemikalien I. Infundin-und Adrenalinwirkung auf die Melano- und Xanthophoren der Elritze (Phoximus laevis Ag.). Arch. mikrosk. Anat.104, 667–698 (1925).Google Scholar
  2. Abramowitz, A. A.: Physiology of the melanophore system in the catfish,Ameiurus. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole71, 259–281 (1936).Google Scholar
  3. —: The action of intermedin on crustacean melanophores and of the crustacean hormone on elasmobranch melanophores. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.22, 521–523 (1936a).Google Scholar
  4. —: The comparative physiology of pigmentary responses in the crustacea. J. of exper. Zool.76, 407–422 (1937).Google Scholar
  5. —: The similarity between the hypophyseal chromatophorotropic hormone and the chromatophorotropic hormone of the crustacean eyestalk. Physiologic. Zool.11, 299–310 (1938).Google Scholar
  6. —: The pituitary control of chromatophores in the dogfish. Amer. Naturalist73, 208–218 (1939).Google Scholar
  7. —: A new method for the biological assay of intermedin. J. of Pharmacol.69, 156–164 (1940).Google Scholar
  8. Allen, B. M.: The results of extirpation of the anterior lobe of the hypophysis and of the thyroid ofRana pipiens larvae. Science (N. Y.)44, 755–757 (1916).Google Scholar
  9. —: Experiments in the transplantation of the hypophysis of adultRana pipiens to tadpoles. Science (N. Y.)32, 274–276 (1920).Google Scholar
  10. —: Color changes induced inRana larvae by implantation of the intermediate lobe of the hypophysis. Anat. Rec.31, 302–303 (1925).Google Scholar
  11. —: The functional difference between the pars intermedia and the pars nervosa of hypophysis of frog. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a Med.27, 11–13 (1929).Google Scholar
  12. —: Source of the pigmentary hormone of amphibian hypophysis. Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. a. Med.27, 504–505 (1930).Google Scholar
  13. Anderson, E. andW. Haymaker: Elaboration of hormones by pituitary cells growing in vitro. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.33, 313–316 (1935).Google Scholar
  14. Astwood, E. B. andC. F. Geschickter: The pigmentary response inPhoxinus laevis. The effect of blood from a patient with melanosarcoma. Amer. J. Canc.27, 493–499 (1936).Google Scholar
  15. Atwell, W. J.: On the nature of the pigmentation changes following hypophysectomy in the frog larva. Science (N. Y.)49, 48–50 (1919).Google Scholar
  16. —: Further observations on the pigment changes following removal of the epithelial hypophysis and the pineal gland in the frog tadpole. Endocrinology5, 221–232 (1921).Google Scholar
  17. —: Functional transplants of the primordium of the epithelial hypophysis in Amphibia. Anat. Rec.68, 431–447 (1937).Google Scholar
  18. —: The morphogenesis of the hypophysis cerebri of the domestic fowl during the second and third weeks of incubation. Anat. Rec.73, 57–71 (1939).Google Scholar
  19. —: The morphology of the hypophysis cerebri of toads. Amer. J. Anat.68, 191–207 (1941).Google Scholar
  20. Babak, E.: Über den Einfluss des Lichtes auf die Vermehrung der Hautchromatophoren. Pflügers Arch.149, 462–470 (1913).Google Scholar
  21. Bacq, Z. M. andM. Florkin: Mise en evidence, dans le complexe «ganglion nerveux-glande neurale» d'une Ascidie («Ciona intestinalis») de principes pharmacologiquement analogues à ceux du lobe postérieur de l'hypophyse des vertébrés. Arch. internat. Physiol.40, 422–428 (1935).Google Scholar
  22. Bayer, G.: Hypophyse und Chromatophorenreaktion. Endokrinol.6, 249–254 (1930).Google Scholar
  23. Bělehrádék, J.: Etude photoélectrique du fonctionnement des mélanocytes cutanés de grenouille. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris126, 119, 120 (1937).Google Scholar
  24. —: Sur le métabolisme fonctionel des mélanocytes de Grenouille. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris132, 20–22 (1939).Google Scholar
  25. Billingsley, L. W., D. K. O'Donovan andJ. B. Collip: The specific metabolic principle of the pituitary. Endocrinology24, 63–68 (1939).Google Scholar
  26. Blount, R. F.: Transplantation and extirpation of the pituitary rudiment and the effects upon pigmentation in the urodele embryo. J. exper. Zool.63, 113–141 (1932).Google Scholar
  27. Boernstein, W. G.: Liberation by light of a melanophore stimulating substance in the blood of mammels. Amer. J. Physiol.126, 437 (1939).Google Scholar
  28. Böttger, G.: Über einen neuen Intermedintest und die Intermedinreaktion der Elritze. Z. vergl. Physiol.21, 415–428 (1934).Google Scholar
  29. Böttger, G. Pigmenthormone und antidiuretisches Prinzip der Hypophyse. Klin. Wschr.1936 I, 73–76.Google Scholar
  30. —: Über das Pigmenthormon. I. Mitteilung. Der Test. Z. exper. Med.101, 42–47 (1937).Google Scholar
  31. —: Über das Pigmenthormon. II. Mitteilung. Zur Darstellung und zur Frage der Diuresewirkung. Z. exper. Med.101, 48–54 (1937a).Google Scholar
  32. —: Über das Pigmenthormon. III. Mitteilung. Zur Frage der Einheitlichkeit und über die aktive Substanz alkalischer Extrakte. Z. exper. Med.101, 55–61 (1937b).Google Scholar
  33. Brown, F. A.: Hormonal control of crustacean chromatophores. Amer. Naturalist73, 247–255 (1939).Google Scholar
  34. —: The crustacean sinus gland and chromatophore activation. Physiologic. Zool.13, 343–355 (1940).Google Scholar
  35. Burch, A. B.: Suppression of pars intermedia of pituitary body inHyla regilla by operations upon the gastrula. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.38, 608–610 (1938).Google Scholar
  36. Bugyi, B.: Spektrographische Untersuchung von Hypophysenhormon-Handelspräparaten. Arch. Gynäk.168, 164–168 (1939).Google Scholar
  37. Burns, R. K.: The transplantation of the adult hypophysis into young salamander larvae. Anat. Rec.58, 415–429 (1934).Google Scholar
  38. Buschke, W.: Zur Frage der Einwirkung des Melanophorenhormons auf die Dunkeladaptation des menschlichen Auges. Klin. Wschr.1934 II, 1785, 1786.Google Scholar
  39. Charipper, H. A.: The morphology of the hypophysis in lower vertebrates, particularly fish and amphibia, with some notes on the cytology of the pituitary ofCarassius auratus (the goldfish) andNecturus maculosus (the mudpuppy). Cold Spring Harbor Symp. on quantit. Biol.5, 151–164 (1937).Google Scholar
  40. Chen, G., F. K. Oldham andE. M. K. Geiling: Appearance of the melanophore-expanding hormone of pituitary gland in developing chick embryo. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.45, 810–813 (1940).Google Scholar
  41. Collin, R. andP. L. Drouet: Présence dans l'urine de certains malades d'un principe mélanophoro-dilatateur. Son application comme test de fonctionnement de l'hypophyse. Rev. franç. Endocrin.11, 161–176 (1933).Google Scholar
  42. ——: La réaction des érythrophores est-elle liée au fonctionnement hypophysaire? C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris115, 1441–1443 (1934).Google Scholar
  43. Collins, H. H. andF. E. Adolph: The regulation of skinpattern in an amphibian, Diemyctylus. J. Morph. a. Physiol.42, 473–522 (1920).Google Scholar
  44. Coonfield, B. R.: The pigment in the skin ofMyxine glutinosa Linn. Am. Micr. Soc.59, 398–403 (1940).Google Scholar
  45. Dawes, B.: The melanin content of the skin ofRana temporaria under normal conditions and after prolonged light-and dark-adaptation. A photometric study. J. of exper. Biol.18, 26–49 (1941).Google Scholar
  46. Dax, E. C.: A melanosome-dispersing substance in the blood and urine of patients with retinitis pigmentosa. Preliminary communication. Brit. J. Ophthalm.22, 345–352 (1938).Google Scholar
  47. De Lawder, A. M. andL. Tarr andE. M. K. Gelling: The distribution in the chicken's hypophysis of the so-called posterior lobe principles. J. of Pharmacol.51, 142 143 (1934).Google Scholar
  48. Denstedt, O. F. andJ. B. Collip: Studies on the “melanophore” principle of the pituitary. Amer. J. Physiol.126, 476 (1939).Google Scholar
  49. Denstedt, O. F. Personal communication. 1941.Google Scholar
  50. Dietel, F. G.: Untersuchungen über das Melanophorenhormon I. Klin. Wschr.1932 II, 2075 bis 2078.Google Scholar
  51. Dietel, F. G.: Untersuchungen über das Melanophorenhormon III. Klin. Wschr.1933 II, 1358–1364.Google Scholar
  52. Dietel, F. G.: Untersuchungen über das Melanophorenhormon IV. Isolierung von Melanophorenhormon. Klin. Wschr.1934 I, 796.Google Scholar
  53. Dischreit, J.: Beitrag zur Prüfung der therapeutischen Anwendbarkeit des Intermedins bei Diabetes insipidus. Klin. Wschr.1935 I, 629–632.Google Scholar
  54. Dreyer, N. B. andA. J. Clark: The active principles of extracts of the posterior lobe of the pituitary. J. of Physiol.58 (1924).Google Scholar
  55. Drouet, P. L. etP. Florentin: Contribution à l'étude de la physiologie rétinienne; Rétine et hormone posthypophysaire. Rev. méd. Nancy65, 678–689 (1937).Google Scholar
  56. Dubois-Poulsen, A.: Effets de l'extrait hypophysaire et de l'adrénaline sur les franges de l'épithélium pigmentaire de la rétine de la grenouille. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris125, 248, 249 (1937).Google Scholar
  57. Dyke, H. B. van: Die Verteilung der wirksamen Stoffe der Hypophyse auf die verschiedenen Teile derselben. Arch. f. exper. Path.114, 262–274 (1926).Google Scholar
  58. Eakin, R. M.: Correlative differentiation of the intermediate lobe of the pituitary inTriturus torosus. Growth3, 373–380 (1939).Google Scholar
  59. Elwyn, A.: Some stages in the development of the neural complex ofEcteinascidia turbinata. Bull. neurol. Inst. New York6, 163–177 (1937).Google Scholar
  60. Enami, M. S.: Rôle de la sécrétion hypophysaire sur le changement de coloration chez un poissonchatParasilurus asotus (L.). C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris130, 1498–1501 (1939).Google Scholar
  61. Etkin, W.: On the control of growth and activity of the pars intermedia of the pituitary by the hypothalamus in the tadpole. J. of exper. Zool.86, 113–139 (1941).Google Scholar
  62. Evans, H. M.: On some seasonal changes in the pituitary gland of the eel. Brit. med. J.1, 565 bis 567 (1940).Google Scholar
  63. Fawcett, D. W.: Absence of the epithelial hypophysis in a fetal dogfish associated with abnormalities of the head and of pigmentation. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole77, 174 bis 183 (1939).Google Scholar
  64. Fenn, W. O.: Active principles of the pituitary posterior lobe. J. of Physiol.59, XXXV (1924).Google Scholar
  65. Ferguson, R. S. (1933),G. M. See Smith, H. S. Burr andR. S. Ferguson (1935).Google Scholar
  66. Fisher, C.: The site of formation of the posterior lobe hormones. Endocrinology21, 19–29 (1937).Google Scholar
  67. Fostvedt, G. A.: Effect of high melanophore hormone fractions on tyrosine and dopa oxydation. Endocrinology27, 100–109 (1940).Google Scholar
  68. Fraser, A. M.: The alleged antidiuretic action of the pigmentary hormones of the pituitary gland. J. of Pharmacol.60, 82–88 (1937).Google Scholar
  69. Gaddum, J. H.: The stability of watery solutions of the oxytocic principle of the pituitary gland. Biochemic. J.24, 939–944 (1930).Google Scholar
  70. Gaillard, P. J.: An experimental contribution to the origin of the pars intermedia of the hypophysis. Acta neerl. Morph. norm. et path.1, 3–11 (1937).Google Scholar
  71. Gartside, H., J. Pritchard andF. E. Rymill: The preparation of pituitary posterior lobe powder. Quart. J. Pharmacol.11, 401–406 (1938).Google Scholar
  72. Geiling, E. M. K.: The hypophysis cerebri of the finback (Balaenoptera physalus) and sperm (Physeter megalocephalus) whale. Bull. Hopkins Hosp.57, 123–142 (1935).Google Scholar
  73. —, andM. R. Lewis: Further information regarding the melanophore hormone of the hypophysis cerebri. Amer. J. Physiol.113, 534–537 (1935).Google Scholar
  74. —,B. J. Vos andF. K. Oldham: The pharmacology and anatomy of the hypophysis of the porpoise. Endocrinology27, 309–316 (1940).Google Scholar
  75. Gerlough, T. D.: The rate of thermal decomposition at 100° of the oxytocic principle of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. I. The effect of hydrogen ion concentration. J. Amer. Chem. Soc.52, 824–834 (1930).Google Scholar
  76. — andR. W. Bates: The rate of thermal decomposition of the oxytocic principle of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. II. The effect of temperature. J. Amer. chem. Soc.52, 1098 bis 1102 (1930).Google Scholar
  77. Giersberg, H.: Der Farbwechsel der Fische. Z. vergl. Physiol.13, 258–279 (1930).Google Scholar
  78. Gulland, J. M. andN. S. Lucas: The oxytocic hormone of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. VII. A. Ultraviolet absorption spectra. Biochemic. J.29 2208–2211 (1935).Google Scholar
  79. Hanström, B.: Preliminary report on the probable connection between the blood organ and the chromatophore activator in decapod crustaceans. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.21, 584, 585 (1935).Google Scholar
  80. Heller, H.: Effect of hydrogen ion concentration on the stability of the antidiuretic and vasopressor activities of posterior pituitary extracts. J. of Physiol.96, 337–347 (1939).Google Scholar
  81. Herrick, E. H.: The structure of epidermal melanophores in frog tadpoles. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. labor. Wood's Hole64, 304–308 (1933).Google Scholar
  82. Hewer, H. R.: Studies in amphibian colour change. Proc. roy. Soc. London, B.95, 31–41 (1923).Google Scholar
  83. —: Studies in colour changes of fish. I. The action of certain endocrine secretions in the minnow. Brit. J. exper. Biol.3, 123–140 (1926).Google Scholar
  84. Hill, A. V., J. L. Parkinson andD. Y. Solandt: Photo-electric record of the coulour change inFundulus heteroclitus. J. exper. Biol.12, 397–399 (1935).Google Scholar
  85. Hogben, L. T.: The pigmentary effector system IV. A further contribution to the role of pituitary secretion in amphibian colour response. Brit. J. exper. Biol.1, 249–270 (1923).Google Scholar
  86. —: The pigmentary effector system. VII. The chromatic function in elasmobranch fishes. Proc. roy. Soc. London, ser. B.120, 142–158 (1926).Google Scholar
  87. — andF. R. Winton: Studies on the pituitary. I. The melanophore stimulant in posterior lobe extracts. Biochemic. J.16, 619–630 (1922).Google Scholar
  88. ——: The pigmentary effector system. III. Colour response in the hypophysectomised frog. Proc. roy. Soc. London, ser. B.95, 15–31 (1923).Google Scholar
  89. — andF. A. E. Crew: Studies on internal secretion. II. Endocrine activity in fetal and embryonic life. Brit. J. exper. Biol.1, 1–13 (1923).Google Scholar
  90. -Hogben, L. T. andC. Gordon: Studies on the pituitary. VII. The separate identity of the pressor and melanophore principles. Brit. J. exper. Biol.286–292 (1930).Google Scholar
  91. — andD. Slome: The pigmentary effector system. VI. The dual character of endocrine coordination in Amphibian colour change. Proc. roy. Soc. London, ser. B.108, 10–53 (1931).Google Scholar
  92. ——: The pigmentary effector system. VIII. The dual receptive mechanism of the amphibian background response. Proc. roy. Soc. London, ser. B.120, 158–173 (1936).Google Scholar
  93. Houssay, B. A. andI. Ungar: Acción de la hipófisis sobre la coloración de los batracios. Rev. Asoc. méd. argent.37, 173–203 (1924).Google Scholar
  94. Jeandelize, P. andP. L. Drouet: L'oeil et l'hypophyse. Internat. Ophth. Cong.3, 227–400, (1938).Google Scholar
  95. Jeanneney, G., L. Servantie, G. Hirtz etJ. Bentejac: Diagnostic biologique des hyperpituitarismes par l'étude de la mélanophoro-dilation provoquée chez la grenouille hypophysectomisée. Bull. Acad. Méd. Paris121, 762–768 (1939).Google Scholar
  96. Jores, A.: Über das Melanophorenhormon. Klin. Wschr1932 II, 2116.Google Scholar
  97. —: Über das Vorkommen des Melanophorenhormons in menschlichen Körperflüssigkeiten. Arch. f. exper. Path.173, 31–35 (1933).Google Scholar
  98. —: Untersuchungen über das Melanophorenhormon und seinen Nachweis im menschlichen Blut. Z. exper. Med.87, 266–282 (1933a).Google Scholar
  99. Jores, A.: Melanophorenhormon und Auge. Klin. Wschr.1933 II, 1599–1601.Google Scholar
  100. Jores, A.: Zur Frage der Identität zwischen Pigmenthormon und corticotropem Hormon. Klin. Wschr.1935 I, 132–133.Google Scholar
  101. Jores, A. u.W. Velde: Über das Vorkommen des Melanophorenhormons in menschlichen Organen. Arch. exper. Path.173, 26–30 (1933).Google Scholar
  102. — u.O. Glogner: Gibt es einen funktionstüchtigen Zwischenlappen der Menschlichen? Untersuchungen über Gehalt und Bildungsstätte des Melanophorenhormons der menschlichen Hypophyse. Z. exper. Med.91, 91–99 (1933).Google Scholar
  103. — u.K. G. Caesar: Über die Wirkung des Melanophorenhormons auf Pigmentwanderung und Pupillenweite des Froschauges. Pflügers Arch.235, 724–732 (1935).Google Scholar
  104. — u.G. Will: Erythrophoren- und Melanophorenhormon. Z. exper. Med.94, 389–393 (1934).Google Scholar
  105. — u.K. Hoeltje: Untersuchungen über die das Melanophorenhormon bindende Substanz im Blut von Tieren (Fröschen und Kaninchen) und des Menschen nach Dunkelaufenthalt. Z. vergl. Physiol.23, 571–577 (1936).Google Scholar
  106. Kleinholz, L. H.: The melanophore-dispersing principle in the hypophysis ofFundulus heteroclitus. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole69, 379–390 (1935).Google Scholar
  107. —: Studies in reptilian colour changes. II. The pituitary and adrenal glands in the regulation of the melanophores ofAnolis carolinensis. Brit. J. exper. Biol.15, 474–491 (1938).Google Scholar
  108. —: Studies in reptilian colour changes. III. Control of the light phase and behavior of isolated skin. Brit. J. exper. Biol.15, 492–499 (1938a).Google Scholar
  109. —: The distribution of intermedin; first appearance of the hormone in the early ontogeny ofRana pipiens. Anat. Rec. Suppl.78, 40 (1940).Google Scholar
  110. — andM. Rahn: The distribution of intermedin; a new biological method of assay and results of tests under normal and experimental conditions. Anat. Rec.76, 157–172 (1940).Google Scholar
  111. Knaus, H. H., N. B. Dreyer andA. J. Clark: A note on the melanophore dilator action of the pituitary. J. of Physiol.60, Proc. XVIII (1925).Google Scholar
  112. Koller, G.: Versuche über die inkretorischen Vorgänge beim Garneelerfarbenwechsel. Z. vergl. Physiol.8, 601–612 (1928).Google Scholar
  113. — andE. Meyer: Versuche über den Wirkungsbereich von Farbwechselhormonen. Biol. Zbl.50, 759–768 (1930).Google Scholar
  114. — andW. Rodewald: Über den Einfluss des Lichtes auf die Hypophysentätigkeit des Frosches. Pflügers Arch.232, 637–642 (1933).Google Scholar
  115. Konsuloff, St.: Das Melanophorenhormon in Colostrum. Endokrinol.13, 323, 324 (1934).Google Scholar
  116. Krogh, A.: The pituitary (posterior lobe) principle in circulating blood. J. of Pharmacol.29, 177–189 (1926).Google Scholar
  117. Kropp, B. andE. B. Perkins: The action of the crustacean chromatophore activator on the melanophores of fishes and amphibians. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole64, 226 bis 232 (1933).Google Scholar
  118. Lambillon, J. etA. Lejeune: La réaction d'expansion des chromatophores de la grenouille peut-elle servir de test fonctionnel post-hypophysaire? C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris128, 1158–1160 (1938).Google Scholar
  119. Last, J. H. andE. M. K. Geiling: The inactivation of the melanophore hormone by cancer serum. Am. J. Canc.38, 380–382 (1940).Google Scholar
  120. Levinson, L. Diurnal variations of intermedin in blood of the albino rat. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.26, 257, 258 (1940).Google Scholar
  121. Lewis, D., F. C. Lee andE. B. Astwood: Some observations on intermedin. Bull. Hopkins Hosp.61, 198–209 (1937).Google Scholar
  122. Lundstrom, H. M. andP. Bard: Hypophysial control of cutaneous pigmentation in an elasmobranch fish. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole62, 1–9 (1932).Google Scholar
  123. Lynn, W. G.: Effects of implantation of extra pituitaries inRana pipiens. Anat. Rec.78, Suppl., 139 (1940).Google Scholar
  124. Maranon, G., C. Richet, M. Sourdel etH. Netter: Les troubles pigmentaires d'origine hypophysaire en clinique humaine. Presse méd.45, 1883–1885 (1937).Google Scholar
  125. Matthews, S. A.: Color changes inFundulus after hypophysectomy. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole64, 315–320 (1933).Google Scholar
  126. Masselin, J. N.: Influence de la lumière et de l'obscurité sur l'action mélanophore dilatatrice de l'hypophyse. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris132, 511–513 (1939).Google Scholar
  127. McDonald, P. R. andF. H. Adler: Studies on pigmentary degeneration of the retina: The role of the melanophore hormone of the pituitary gland in pigmentary degeneration of the retina. 27. amer. Ophthalm. Soc. 1941.Google Scholar
  128. McLean, A. J.: The anuran in bio-titration of pituitrin. J. of Pharmacol.33, 301–319 (1928).Google Scholar
  129. Meyer, H. H.: Der Nachweis von Melanophorenhormon in der Hypophyse der Fische. Endokrinol.22, 137–144 (1939).Google Scholar
  130. Moehlig, R. C. andR. H. Pine: Retinitis pigmentosa; etiologic and clinical implications based on twenty-one cases. Arch. Ophthalm.23, 1257–1273 (1940).Google Scholar
  131. Mussio Fournier, J. C., O. Conti andJ. C. Laborde: Electrical conveyance of the melanophore hormone. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.45, 493–495 (1940).Google Scholar
  132. —,J. M. Cervino andO. Conti: The treatment of vitiligo by local injections of melanophore hormone. Endocrinology28, 513–515 (1941).Google Scholar
  133. Nakamura, H. J. Tanaka andY. Yohda: On the melanophore activating substance in the urine of cancer patients and its clinical application by using salamander. Gann (jap.)33, 276, 277 (1940).Google Scholar
  134. ———: Urinary diagnosis of cancer by using albino-salamander. Kann (jap.)34, 6–11 (1940a).Google Scholar
  135. Noble, G. K. andH. T. Bradley: The relation of the thyroid and the hypophysis to the molting process in the lizard,Hemidactylus brookii. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole64, 289–298 (1933).Google Scholar
  136. Noble, G. K., R. L. andH. Rinderknecht andP. C. Williams: Clinical hyperfunction of the posterior lobe of the pituitary. Lancet1938 I, 13–15.Google Scholar
  137. Odiorne, J. M.: Degeneration of melanophores inFundulus. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.19, 329–332 (1933).Google Scholar
  138. —: The effects of the pituitary hormones on the melanophores of fishes. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.19, 745–749 (1933a).Google Scholar
  139. —: The degeneration of melanophores in Fundulus. J. of exper. Zool.74, 7–39 (1936).Google Scholar
  140. —: Morphological color changes in fishes. J. of exper. Zool.76, 441–465 (1937).Google Scholar
  141. O'Donovan, D. K.: The influence of pituitary extracts on oxygen consumption. Amer. J. Physiol.119, 381 (1937).Google Scholar
  142. — andJ. B. Collip: The specific metabolic principle of the pituitary and its relation to the melanophore hormone. Endocrinology23, 718–734 (1938).Google Scholar
  143. Okamoto, T.: Hat die Hypophysenexstirpation bei der Kröte auf die Verschiebung der Netzhautpigmente irgendeinen Einfluss? Z. exper. Med.101, 155–165 (1937).Google Scholar
  144. —: Weitere Untersuchungen über die Frage, ob die Exstirpation der Hypophyse beim Frosch auf die retinale Pigmentwanderung irgendwelchen Einfluss ausübt. Z. exper. Med.102, 469–476 (1938).Google Scholar
  145. — Über die Einflüsse der elektrischen Reizung der verschiedenen Teile der Hypophyse auf die retinale Pigmentverschiebung beim Frosch. Z. exper. Med.102, 527–534 (1938a).Google Scholar
  146. Oldham, F. K.: The pharmacology and anatomy of the hypophysis of the armadillo. Anat. Rec.72, 265–291 (1938).Google Scholar
  147. —: The development of the hypophysis of the armadillo. Amer. J. Anat.68, 293–315 (1941).Google Scholar
  148. —,D. P. McCleery andE. M. K. Geiling: A note on the histology and pharmacology of the hypophysis of the manatee (Trichechus inunguis). Anat. Rec.71, 27–32 (1938).Google Scholar
  149. —,J. H. Last andE. M. K. Geiling: Distribution of melanophore-dispersing hormone in anterior lobe of cetaceans and armadillo. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.43, 407–410 (1940).Google Scholar
  150. Owen, S. E.: The bitterling fish response to male sex hormones. Endocrinology21, 689, 690 (1937).Google Scholar
  151. Osborn, C. M.: The role of the melanophore-dispersing principle of the pituitary in the color change of the catfish. J. of exper. Zool.79, 309–330 (1938).Google Scholar
  152. —: The physiology of color change in flatfishes. J. of exper. Zool.81, 479–515 (1939).Google Scholar
  153. Parker, G. H.: The movements of the retinal pigment. Erg. Biol.9, 239–291 (1932).Google Scholar
  154. —: Color changes in the catfish Ameirus in relation to neurohumors. J. of exper. Zool.69, 199 bis 233 (1934).Google Scholar
  155. Parker, G. H.: The colour changes in lizards, particularly inPhyrnosoma. Brit. J. exper. Biol.15, 48–73 (1938).Google Scholar
  156. —: The chromatophore system in the catfishAmieurus. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole79, 237–251 (1940).Google Scholar
  157. — andH. Porter: The control of the dermal melanophores in elasmobranch fishes. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole66, 30–37 (1934).Google Scholar
  158. Perkins, E. B.: Color changes in crustacea, especially inPalaemonetes. Brit. J. exper. Biol.50, 71–105 (1928).Google Scholar
  159. — andB. Kropp: The crustacean eye hormone as a vertebrate melanophore-activator. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole63, 108–112 (1932).Google Scholar
  160. Poris, E. G.: Studies on the endocrines of reptiles II. Variations in the histology of the hypophysis ofAnolis carolinensis, with a note on the Golgi configeration in cells of the pars anterior and pars intermedia. Anat. Rec.80, 99–121 (1941).Google Scholar
  161. — andH. A. Charipper: Studies on the endocrines of reptiles. I. The morphology of the pituitary gland of the lizard (Anolis carolinensis) with special reference to certain cell types. Anat. Rec.72, 473–489 (1938).Google Scholar
  162. Potts, A. M. andT. F. Gallagher: Personal Communication 1941.Google Scholar
  163. Rahn, H.: The development of the chick pituitary with special reference to the cellular differentiation of the pars buccalis. J. Morphol. a. Physiol.64, 483–517 (1939).Google Scholar
  164. —: The pituitary regulation of melanophores in the rattlesnake. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole80, 228–237 (1941).Google Scholar
  165. Raza, S. H. andW. R. Spurrell: Some characteristics of the action of urine upon amphibian melanophores. J. of Physiol.90, 429–434 (1937).Google Scholar
  166. Rodewald, W.: Die Wirkung des Lichtes auf die Hypophyse vonRana temporaria L. Z. vergl. Physiol.21, 767–802 (1935).Google Scholar
  167. Rodewald, W.: Die Eigenschaften des das Melanophorenhormon bindenden Stoffes im Karcinomserum. Dtsch. med. Wschr.1937 II, 1271–1273, 1294–1297.Google Scholar
  168. —: Über den diagnostischen Wert biologisch-chemischer Carcinomreaktionen. IV. Ergebnisse mit der Melanophorenhormoninaktivierung nachRodewald. Z. Krebsforsch.47, 540–542 (1938).Google Scholar
  169. —: Über die Veränderungen im Melanophorenhormongehalt der Hypophysen Krebskranker. Z. Krebsforsch.48, 161–164 (1938a).Google Scholar
  170. —: Über die Melanophorenhormon betreffenden Veränderungen in Blut und Hypophyse von Tumortieren. Z. Krebsforsch.48, 165–168 (1938b).Google Scholar
  171. Rodewald, W.: Hypophyse und Carcinom. Dtsch. med. Wschr.1939 I, 290.Google Scholar
  172. Sand, A.: The comparative physiology of colour response in reptiles and fishes. Biol. Rev. Cambridge philos. Soc.10, 361–382 (1935).Google Scholar
  173. Saphir, W.: Artificial production of the “wedding dress” inChrosomus Erythrogaster. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.31, 864–866 (1934).Google Scholar
  174. —: Experimental color change in fish. Arch. of Path.19, 24–27 (1935).Google Scholar
  175. Schürmeyer, A.: Über die Innervation der Pars intermedia der Hypophyse der Amphibien. Klin. Wschr.1926 II, 2311, 2312.Google Scholar
  176. Sears, M.: Responses of deep-seated melanophores in fishes and amphibians. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole68, 7–24 (1935).Google Scholar
  177. Seldam, R. E. J. ten: De stand van het intermedine-onderzoek. Geneesk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indië78, 3211–3220 (1938).Google Scholar
  178. Shen, T. C. R.: The pharmacology of melanophores in frogs (Rana temporaria) and the role of the hypophysis. Arch. internat. Pharmacodynamie57, 289–334 (1937).Google Scholar
  179. —: The mechanism of the melanophore-expanding action of several drugs and its relationship to the internal secretion of the hypophysis in frogs. Arch. internat. Pharmacodynamie62, 295–329 (1939).Google Scholar
  180. Shima, I.: Über den Einfluss von verschiedenen Hormonen auf die retinale Pigmentverschiebung beim Frosch. Z. exper. Med.102, 535–541 (1938).Google Scholar
  181. Smith, D. C. andM. T. Smith: Observations on the erythrophores ofScorpaena ustulata. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Labor. Wood's Hole67, 45–58 (1934).Google Scholar
  182. Smith, G. M., H. S. Burr andR. S. Ferguson: A study of the effects of intermedin and injury of the hypophysis on traumatic corial melanophores in goldfishes. Endocrinology19, 409 bis 412 (1935).Google Scholar
  183. Smith, P. E.: Experimental ablation of the hypophysis in the frog embryo. Science (N. Y.)44, 280–282 (1916).Google Scholar
  184. —: Effect of hypophysectomy in the early embryo upon the growth and development of the frog. Anat. Rec.11, 57–64 (1916a).Google Scholar
  185. — andI. P. Smith: The function of the lobes of the hypophysis as indicated by replacement therapy with different portions of the ox gland. Endocrinology7, 579–591 (1923).Google Scholar
  186. Snyder, F. F.: The presence of melanophore-expanding and uterus-stimulating substance in the pituitary body of early pig embryos. Amer. J. Anat.41, 399–409 (1928).Google Scholar
  187. Spaeth, R. A.: Concerning a new method for the biological standardization of pituitary extract and other drugs. J. of Pharmacol.11, 209–219 (1918).Google Scholar
  188. Spaul, E. A.: Experiments on the localization of the substances in pituitary extracts responsible for metamorphic and pigmentary changes in Amphibia. Brit. J. exper. Biol.2, 427–437 (1925).Google Scholar
  189. —: The effect of temperature upon the diffusion and autolysis of the metamorphic and pigmentation principles of the pituitary gland. Brit. J. exper. Biol.5, 166–176 (1927).Google Scholar
  190. Steggerda, F. R. andA. L. Soderwall: Relationship of the Pars tuberalis to melanophore response in Amphibia (Rana pipiens). J. cellul. a. comp. Physiol.13, 31–37 (1939).Google Scholar
  191. Stehle, R. L.: Die melanophorenerweiternde Wirkung des Hypophysenextrakts. Arch. f. exper. Path.175, 466–470 (1934).Google Scholar
  192. —: A method for obtaining a preparation of the melanophore hormone of the pituitary gland. J. of Pharmacol.57, 1–5 (1926).Google Scholar
  193. Stutinsky, F.: Expansion des érythrophores chez Phoxinus laevis par des produits non hypophysaires. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris115, 241–243 (1934).Google Scholar
  194. —: Neurocrine hypophysaire et «réflexe photo-pituitaire» chez la grenouille. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris127, 409–411 (1938).Google Scholar
  195. Sulzberger, M.: The pituitary hormone intermedin as the active antidiuretic in the treatment of diabetes insipidus: Preliminary report. J. amer. med. Assoc.100, 1928–1930 (1933).Google Scholar
  196. Sulzberger, M.: Zur Frage des Pigmenthormons und des anti-diuretischen Prinzips der Hypophyse. Klin. Wschr.1936 I, 489.Google Scholar
  197. Sumner, F. B.: Quantitative changes in pigmentation, resulting from visual stimuli in fishes and amphibia. Biol. Rev. Cambridge philos. Soc.15, 351–375 (1940).Google Scholar
  198. — andN. A. Wells: The effects of optic stimuli upon the formation and destruction of melanin pigment in fishes. J. of exper. Zool.64, 377–403 (1933).Google Scholar
  199. Swingle, W. W.: The relation of the pars intermedia of the hypophysis to pigmentation changes in anuran laevae. J. of exper. Zool.34, 119–141 (1921).Google Scholar
  200. Teague, R. S.: Biological assay of the melanophore hormone of the pituitary gland. Endocrinology25, 962–964 (1939).Google Scholar
  201. —: Melanophore hormone of the pituitary gland and metabolic stimulation. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med.40, 516–519 (1939a).Google Scholar
  202. R. O. Noojin andE. M. K. Geiling: The hypophysectomized frog (Rana pipiens) as a specific test object for melanophore hormone of the pituitary body. J. of Pharmacol.65, 115–127 (1939).Google Scholar
  203. Trendelenburg, P.: Weitere Versuche über den Gehalt des Liquor cerebrospinalis an wirksamen Substanzen des Hypophysenhinterlappens. Arch. f. exper. Path.114, 255–261 (1926).Google Scholar
  204. Turner, H. H.: Diabetes insipidus: treatment with intermedin and pitmelanin. Endocrinology19, 275–283 (1935).Google Scholar
  205. Valsö, J.: Der Hormongehalt der Hypophyse des Blauwals (Balaenoptera Sibbaldii) II Intermedin. Klin. Wschr.1934 II, 1820.Google Scholar
  206. Vilter, V.: Recherches sur le déterminisme physiologique du dessin mélanique de l'Axolotl (Amblystoma mexicanum). Archives d'Anat.26, 1–252 (1938).Google Scholar
  207. Veil, C.: Hypophysectomie et changement de couleur chez le poisson chat. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris124, 111–113 (1937).Google Scholar
  208. —: Evaluation de la quantité d'intermédine contenue dans l'organisme du poisson-chat. C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris127, 42, 43 (1938).Google Scholar
  209. — etR. M. May: Hypophysectomie et changement de couleur chez la Torpille (Torpedo marmorata). C. r. Soc. Biol. Paris124, 917–920 (1937).Google Scholar
  210. Waring, H.: Colour changes in the dogfish (Scyllium canicula). Proc. Biol. Soc. Liverpool49, 17–64 (1936).Google Scholar
  211. —: Chromatic behaviour of elasmobranchs. Proc. roy. Soc. London, ser. B.125, 264–282 (1938).Google Scholar
  212. —: The chromatic behavior of the eel (Anguilla vulgaris L.). Proc. roy. Soc. London, ser. B.128, 343–353 (1940).Google Scholar
  213. Watrin, J.: Les pigments cutanés et la mélanogenèse. Rev. méd. Est.62, 295–308 (1934).Google Scholar
  214. Weiss, P. A.: Personal communication 1941.Google Scholar
  215. Willey, A.: Studies on the Prochordata II. The development of the neurohypophysis inCiona intestinalis andClavelina lepadiformis with an account of the origin of the sense organs inAscidia mentula. Quart. J. microsc. Sci.35, 295–316 (1894).Google Scholar
  216. Witschi, E.: Comparative physiology of the vertebrate hypophysis (anterior and intermediate lobes). Cold Spring Harbor Symp. on quantit. Biol.5, 180–190 (1937).Google Scholar
  217. Wunder, W.: Experimentelle Erzeugung des Hochzeitskleides beim Bitterling (Rhodeus amarus) durch Einspritzung von Hormonen. Z. vergl. Physiol.13, 696–708 (1931).Google Scholar
  218. Wykes, U.: The control of photo-pigmentary responses in eyeless catfish. Brit. J. exper. Biol.15, 363–370 (1938).Google Scholar
  219. Young, A. M.: Rapid pigment appearance in Ohio red bellied dace as test for Intermedin. Am. J. clin. Path.4, 485–491 (1934).Google Scholar
  220. Young, J. Z.: The photoreceptors of lamphreys. III. Control of color change by the pineal and pituitary. Brit. J. exper. Biol.12, 258–270 (1935).Google Scholar
  221. Zondek, B. andH. Krohn: Hormon des Zwischenlappens der Hypophyse (Intermedin). I. Die Rotfärbung des Elritze als Testobjekt. Klin. Wschr.1932 I, 405–408.Google Scholar
  222. Zondek, B. andH. Krohn: Hormon des Zwischenlappens der Hypophyse (Intermedin). II. Intermedin im Organismus (Hypophyse, Gehirn). Klin. Wschr.1932 Ia, 849–853.Google Scholar
  223. Zondek, B. andH. Krohn: Hormon des Zwischenlappens der Hypophyse (Intermedin). III. Zur Chemie, Darstellung und Biologie des Intermedins. Klin. Wschr.1932IIb, 1293–1298.Google Scholar
  224. Zondek, B. andG. Wolfsohn: Retinitis pigmentosa und Hypophyse. Schweiz. med. Wschr.1940I, 162, 163.Google Scholar

Monographs

  1. Abramowitz, A. A.: Color changes in animals. Tabul. biol.17 (1939).Google Scholar
  2. Beer, C. R. de: The comparative anatomy, histology and development of the pituitary body. Biological Monographs and Manuals.6 (1926).Google Scholar
  3. Dyke, H. B. van: The physiology and pharmacology of the pituitary body. University of Chicago Press.1 (1936);2 (1939).Google Scholar
  4. Hogben, L. T.: The pigmentary effector system. Biological Monographs and Manuals1 (1924).Google Scholar
  5. Parker, G. H.: Color changes of animals in relation to nervous activity. University of Pennsylvania press.Google Scholar
  6. Smith, P. E.: The pigmentary, growth and endocrine disturbances induced in the anuran tadpole by the early ablation of the pars buccalis of the hypophysis. American Anatomical Memoirs, No. 11. Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia, Penn.Google Scholar
  7. Stehle, R. L.: The chemistry of the hormones of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Erg. Vitamin- u. Hormonforsch.1, 114–139 (1938).Google Scholar
  8. Zondek, B.: Chromatophorotropic principle of the pars intermedia of the pituitary. J. amer. med. Assoc.104, 637, 638 (1935). Also Chap. IX of Glandular Physiology and Therapy, American Medical Association.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Verlag von J. F. Bergmann 1941

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frances K. Oldham
    • 1
  • N. O. Calloway
    • 1
  • E. M. K. Geiling
    • 1
  1. 1.Chicago

Personalised recommendations