Selectivity of alkyl-bonded phases in reversed-phase liquid chromatography of hydrophobic compounds
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Starting from silica gel with a purity of 99.999%, octadecyl-(ODS), octyl-(C8) and propyl-(C3) bonded silica gels were synthesized, and end-capped by trimethyl groups. The pore size was 150 Å and the specific surface area was 320 m2/g. The ODS and C8 silica gels were stable in both acidic and basic solutions.
The selectivity of these bonded-silica gels was examined from the difference of the retention behavior of alkanes (Al−Al), alkylbenzenes (Ph−Al), alkylalcohols (Al−OH) and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in aqueous acetonitrile. On these packings the log k′ values decreased in the order Al−Al>Ph−Al>PAH>Al−OH. Furthermore, the chromatographic behavior of these compounds was measured on polymer-coated octadecyl-bonded silica gel (CAP) and octadecyl-bonded vinyl alcohol copolymer gel (ODP).
Their retention behavior on CAP was similar to that of ODS, however, their capacity ratios measured on CAP were smaller than those on ODS. The ODP has selectivity for the retention of aromatic compounds, because PAHs were retained strongly on this column.
Key wordsColumn liquid chromatography Alkyl-bonded silica gel Enthalpy Van der Waals volume
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