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Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 303–313 | Cite as

Anther culture of kale (Brassica oleracea L. convar.acephala (DC.) Alef.)

  • Martin Kieffer
  • Michael P. Fuller
  • Jean-Eric Chauvin
  • Alain Schlesser
General Papers

Abstract

The pollen development and androgenic ability of 18 kale (Brassica oleracea convar.acephala) genotypes was observed during an anther culture study. Anther culture was successful in 6 of the genotypes and the highest yield obtained was 17 embryos per 100 anthers plated. Two stages of anther development were identified as being responsive to anther culture. The first and most responsive was that corresponding to the late uninucleated stage and the second to the late binucleated stage. These stages correspond with the onset of mitotic events in the microspores. Pollen viability was studied and low viability was noted which declined to zero after 9 days of anther culture. The initial viability level however was not clearly related to androgenic ability. The significance of the production of haploid and dihaploid kale genotypes in the study and breeding of resistance to clubroot is discussed.

Key words

anther culture Brassica oleracea convar acephala clubroot kale microspore development 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Kieffer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael P. Fuller
    • 2
  • Jean-Eric Chauvin
    • 1
  • Alain Schlesser
    • 1
  1. 1.GIP ‘Prince de Bretagne Biotechnologie’St Pol de LéonFrance
  2. 2.Seale Hayne Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Land UseUniversity of PlymouthNewton AbbotUK

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