Developmental delay in infants with congenital heart disease
The mental and motor development of 173 infants with congenital heart disease was assessed by means of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and clinical neurological examinations. The relationship between age, sex, congestive heart failure, hypoxemia, hospitalization, and test results was evaluated. The presence of congestive heart failure was found to be significantly associated with both mental and motor developmental delay. Hypoxemia and hospitalization were associated with delayed motor development. Developmental delay could be recognized as early as 2 months of age.
Key wordsMental retardation Congenital heart disease Hypoxemia Congestive heart failure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Bayley N:Manual for the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. New York, The Psychological Corp, 1969, pp 15–18, 32, 35–98Google Scholar
- 3.Isoda A: Growth and development of children with congenital heart disease. Read before the Ninth International Congress of Pediatrics, Montreal, 1959Google Scholar
- 4.Keane JF, Williams R, Treves S, Rosenthal A: Assessment of the postoperative patient by noninvasive techniques.Prog Cardiovasc Dis 38:57, 1975Google Scholar
- 7.Prechtl H, Beintema D:The Neurological Examination of the Full Term Newborn Infant. London, William Heinemann Medical Books Ltd, 1964, p 51Google Scholar
- 8.Rosenthal A, Castaneda AR: Growth and development after cardiovascular surgery in infants and children.Prog Cardiovasc Dis 28:27, 1975Google Scholar
- 9.Rosenthal A: Visual simple reaction time in congenital heart disease.Am J Dis Child 119:249, 1980Google Scholar
- 10.Schlange H: Physical and mental development in children with congenital heart and vascular abnormalities.Beihefts Arch Kinderheilkunde 47:1, 1962Google Scholar
- 12.Wender PH:Minimal Brain Dysfunction in Children. New York, Wiley-Interscience, 1971, pp 27–28Google Scholar