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The concept of tidal exchange and the tidal exchange ratio


The principal character of the tidal exchange process is neither diffusion nor advection, but a third category of transport, “Massenaustausch”, which appears in the space/time averaged transport. The exchange process can be divided into four fluxes: the flux of standing eddies, the flux of tidal exchange, the flux of tidal eddies and the flux of local eddies. The results of observations at the entrance channel of Kumihama-Bay show a typical example of transport dominated by tidal exchange.

The tidal exchange ratio defined by Parkeret al. (1972) applies to the process of exchange between the outflowing watermass and the surrounding watermass outside of the bay mouth, but this should also be considered as being coupled with the ratio for the process of exchange between the inflowing watermass and the surrounding watermass inside of the bay mouth. These two exchange ratios can be combined into a single exchange ratio which describes the exchange process between the outer watermass and the bay water.

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Kashiwai, M. The concept of tidal exchange and the tidal exchange ratio. Journal of the Oceanographical Society of Japan 40, 135–147 (1984).

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  • Advection
  • Exchange Process
  • Single Exchange
  • Entrance Channel
  • Tidal Exchange