, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 206–211 | Cite as

Liquid chromatography on carbosilochrom and carbosilica gel-silica adsorbents with a modified carbon surface

  • N. K. Bebris
  • A. V. Kiselev
  • Yu. S. Nikitin
  • I. I. Frolov
  • L. V. Tarasova
  • Ya. I. Yashin


The silica adsorbent Silochrom C-120 which is homogeneous, macroporous and thermally stable, and Spherisorb S20W which is a wide-pore silica gel have been modified by the deposition on them of carbon formed by the pyrolysis of benzene. The adsorbent structures before and after modification have been studied. Columns packed with the Carbosilochrom and Carbosilica gel so obtained were used for studies of their selectivity in the liquid chromatography of an homologous series of polymethyl-and monoalkylsubstituted benzenes, alkylnaphthalenes, methylphenols and benzoic esters on elution with solutions of methanol + water of different concentrations. An increase in the amount of carbon deposited on the adsorbent and an increase in solvent polarity results in an increase in adsorbent selectivity. In the case of polymethylsubstituted benzenes this increase is greater than in the case of isomeric monoalkylsubstituted benzenes. For phenols this increase is less than that for the corresponding hydrocarbons. The separating power of the column can be controlled by changing the degree of specificity of the carbosilica and the polarity of the eluent.


Methanol Ester Phenol Benzene Hydrocarbon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    A. V. Kiselev andYa. I. Yashin, Gas-Adsorption Chromatography, Plenum Press, New York 1969; La Chromatographie Gas-Solide, Masson, Paris, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    L. R. Snyder, inJ. J. Kirkland (Editor), Modern Practice of Liquid Chromatography, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971, p. 205;J. J. Kirkland, ibid Modern Practice of Liquid Chromatography, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971, p. 161.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    N. K. Bebris, R. G. Vorobieva, A. V. Kiselev, Yu. S. Nikitin, L. V. Tarasova, I. I. Frolov, Ya. I. Yashin, J. Chromatogr.117, 257 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    G. A. Howard, A. J. P. Martin, Biochem. J.46, 532 (1950).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    W.-M. Z. Crombic, R. Comber, S. G. Boatman, Biochem. J.59, 306 (1955).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. C. Kibrick, S. J. Skupp, Analyt. Chem.31, 2057 (1959).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    R. C. Badami, Chem. and Ind. 1964, p. 1920.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    J. J. Kirkland, J. J. de Stefano, J. Chromatog. Sci.9, 592 (1971).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    S. H. Buyrne, J. A. Schmit, P. E. Johnson, J. Chromatog. Sci.9, 592 (1971).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    J. A. Schmit, R. A. Henry, R. C. Williams, J. F. Dieckman, J. Chromatogr. Sci.9, 645 (1971).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    R. C. Williams, J. A. Schmit, R. A. Henry, J. Chromatog. Sci.10, 494 (1972).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    J. C. Touchstone, W. I. Wortmann, J. Chromatogr.76, 244 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. B. Sleight, J. Chromatogr.83, 31 (1973).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    F. A. Fitzpatrick, S. Siggia, Analyt. Chem.45, 2310 (1973).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    J. N. Seiber, J. Chromatogr.94, 151 (1974).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    M. C. Carnes, M. I. Brenner, C. R. Andersen, J. Chromatogr.108, 95 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    P. J. Twitchett, A. C. Moffat, J. Chromatogr.,111, 149 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    A. W. Wolkoff, F. I. Onuska, M. E. Comba, R. H. Larose, Analyt. Chem.47, 754 (1975).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    H. Colin, C. Eon, G. Guiochon, J. Chromatogr.119, 41 (1976),122, 223 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    T. V. Barmakova, A. V. Kiselev, N. V. Kovaleva, Kolloidn. Zh.36, 133 (1974).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    T. V. Barmakova, A. V. Kiselve, N. V. Kovaleva, Kolloidn. Zh.36, 934 (1974).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    N. K. Bebris, V. G. Berezkin, A. V. Kiselev, Yu. S. Kikitin, V. P. Pakhomov, Avtorskoe Svidetelstvo SSSR, No. 31435, June 11th, 1971; Zavodskaja Laboratorija41, 785 (1975).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    H. Colin, G. Guiochon, J. Chromatogr.126, 43 (1976).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    N. K. Bebris, A. V. Kiselev, Yu. S. Nikitin Kolloidn. Zh.29, 326 (1967).Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    N. K. Bebris, A. V. Kiselev, B. Ya. Mokeev, Yu. S. Nikitin, Ya. I. Yashin, G. E. Zaizeva, Chromatographia4, 93 (1971).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    N. K. Bebris, E. Ya. Gienko, G. E. Zaizeva, A. V. Kiselev, G. L. Kustova, Yu. S. Nikitin, Ya. I. Yashin, Neftekhimija10, 773 (1970).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, E. Teller, J. Am. Chem. Soc.60, 309 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    A. A. Isirikjan, A. V. Kiselev, Zhurn. Fiz. Khimii32, 679 (1958),34, 2817 (1960).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    A. V. Kiselev, Uspekhi Khimii14, 367 (1945).Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    J. Godon-Renon, J. Fraissard, J. Francois-Rossetti, B. Imelik, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, No. 6, 1156 (1962); No.4, 816 (1962).Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    N. V. Akshinskaja, A. V. Kiselev, Yu. S. Nikitin, Kolloidn. Zh.29, 11 (1967).Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    A. A. Isirikjan, A. V. Kiselev, J. Phys. Chem.65, 601 (1961).Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    E. V. Kalaschnikova, A. V. Kiselev, K. D. Shcherbakova, Chromatographia7, 22 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagschesellschaft mbH 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. K. Bebris
    • 1
  • A. V. Kiselev
    • 1
  • Yu. S. Nikitin
    • 1
  • I. I. Frolov
    • 2
  • L. V. Tarasova
    • 2
  • Ya. I. Yashin
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Adsorption and Chromatography, Department of ChemistryLomonosov State University of MoscowMoscowU.S.S.R.
  2. 2.Experimental Design Bureau of AutomaticsMoscowU.S.S.R.

Personalised recommendations