Educational technology: Four decades of research and theory

  • Steven M. Ross
  • Howard Sullivan
  • Robert D. Tennyson
Research Introduction To Special Issue

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References

  1. Bednar, A. K., Cunningham, D., Duffy, T. M., & Perry, J. D. (1991). Theory into practice: How do we link? In G. J. Anglin (Ed.),Instructional technology: Past, present, and future (pp. 88–101). Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited.Google Scholar
  2. Clark, R. E. (1983). Reconsidering research on learning from media.Review of Educational Research, 53, 445–459.Google Scholar
  3. Crowder, N. A. (1960). Automatic tutoring by intrinsic programming. In A. Lumsdaine & R. Glaser (Eds.),Teaching machines and programmed learning. Washington, DC: National Educational Association.Google Scholar
  4. Di Vesta, F. J., & Rieber, L. P. (1987). Characteristics of cognitive engineering: The next generation of instructional systems.Educational Communication and Technology, 35, 213–230.Google Scholar
  5. Gagné, R. M. (1965).The conditions of learning (1st ed.). New York: Holt, Reinhart & Winston.Google Scholar
  6. Glaser, R. (1962). Psychology and instructional technology. In R. Glaser (Ed.),Training research and education (pp. 68–76). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hicken, S. (1991).Learner control and incentive in computer-assisted instruction. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University.Google Scholar
  8. Hooper, S., & Hannafin, M. J. (1991). Psychological perspectives on emerging instructional technologies: A critical analysis.Educational Psychologist, 26, 69–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Johnsey, A. L. (1990).Promoting generative learning in computer-based instruction through the use of elaboration and strategies training. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Memphis State University.Google Scholar
  10. Shrock, S. A. (1991). A brief history of instructional development. In G. J. Anglin (Ed.),Instructional technology: Past, present, and future (pp. 11–19). Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited.Google Scholar
  11. Skinner, B. F. (1958). Teaching machines.Science, 128, 969–977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven M. Ross
    • 1
  • Howard Sullivan
    • 2
  • Robert D. Tennyson
    • 3
  1. 1.Memphis State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Arizona State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.the University of MinnesotaUSA

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