Advertisement

Viable phototrophic sulfur bacteria from the Black-Sea bottom

  • F. A. Hashwa
  • H. G. Trüper
Article

Abstract

Phototrophic sulfur bacteria were isolated from Black-Sea mud at depths of 660 and 2,240 m. The species obtained in pure cultures were identified asChromatium warmingii andThiocapsa roseopersicina. In addition,Chlorobium phaeovibrioides occurred in enrichment cultures. The findings prove that Chromatiaceae and Chlorobiaceae are capable of survival in 2000 m depth, in the dark, in the presence of H2S and organic materials. There is, however, no evidence for growth or reproduction of these organisms in this environment.

Keywords

Sulfur Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution Organic Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Literature Cited

  1. Degens, E. T. & Ross, D. A., (Eds.), 1974. The Black Sea — Geology, chemistry, and biology. Am. Ass. Petrol Geologists, Tulsa, Oklahoma (Memoir. 20.), 633 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Gürgün, V., Kirchner, G. & Pfennig, N., 1976. Fermentation of pyruvate by seven species of phototrophic purple bacteria. Z. allg. Mikrobiol.16, 573–586.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Hansen, T. A., 1974. Sulfide as electrondonor voor Rhodospirillaceae. Diss., Univ. Groningen, 68 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Hashwa, F., 1972. Die enzymatische Thiosulfatspaltung bei phototrophen Bakterien. Diss. Univ. Göttingen, 145 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Hendley, D. D., 1955. Endogenous fermentation in Thiorhodaceae. J. Bact.70, 625–634.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Jannasch, H. W., Eimhjellen, K., Wirsen, C. O. & Farmanfamaian, A., 1971. Microbial degradation of organic matter in the deep sea. Science, N.Y.171, 672–675.Google Scholar
  7. Jannasch, H. W., Trüper, H. G. & Tuttle, J. H., 1974. Microbial sulfur cycle in Black Sea. In: The Black Sea — Geology, Chemistry, and Biology. Ed. by E. T. Degens & D. A. Ross. Am. Ass. Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 419–425. (Memoir. 20.)Google Scholar
  8. —, Wirsen, C. O. & Taylor, C. D., 1976. Undecompressed microbial populations from the deep sea. Appl. environ. Microbiol.32, 360–367.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Krasilnikova, E. N., Pedan, L. V. & Kondratieva, E. N., 1976. Growth of purple sulfur bacteria in dark under anaerobic conditions. Mikrobiologiya45, 581–585.Google Scholar
  10. —, Petushkova, Yu. P. & Kondratieva, E. N., 1975. Growth of the purple sulfur bacteriumThiocapsa roseopersicina under anaerobic conditions in the darkness. Mikrobiologiya44, 700–703.Google Scholar
  11. Kriss, A. E. & Rukina, E. A., 1953. Purple sulfur bacteria in deep sulfurous water of the Black Sea. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR93, 1107–1110.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Kuznetsov, S. I., 1956. On the possibility of radiosynthesis. Mikrobiologiya25, 195–199.Google Scholar
  13. Niskin, S. J., 1962. A water sampler for microbiological studies. Deep Sea Res.9, 501–503.Google Scholar
  14. Pfennig, N., 1965. Anreicherungskulturen für rote und grüne Schwefelbakterien Zbl. Bakt. ParasitKde (Abt. 1) Suppl.1, 179–189, 503–504.Google Scholar
  15. —, & Trüper, H. G., 1974. The phototrophic bacteria. In: Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Ed. by R. E. Buchanan and N. E. Gibbons. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 24–64.Google Scholar
  16. Schön, G., 1968. Fructoseverwertung und Bacteriochlorophyllsynthese in anaeroben Dunkel-und Lichtkulturen vonRhodospirillum rubrum. Arch. Mikrobiol.63, 362–375.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Trüper, H. G., 1970. Culture and isolation of phototrophic sulfur bacteria from the marine environment. Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters.20, 6–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. — & Schlegel, H. G. 1964. Sulphur metabolism in Thiorhodaceae. I. Quantitative measurements on growing cells ofChromatium okenii. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek30, 225–238.Google Scholar
  19. Tuttle, J. H. & Jannasch, H. W., 1973. Dissimilatory reduction of inorganic sulfur by facultatively anaerobic marine bacteria. J. bact.115, 732–737.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Uffen, R. L. & Wolfe, R. S., 1970. Anaerobic growth of purple non-sulfur bacteria under darkconditions. J. Bact.104, 462–472.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Van Gemerden, 1968. On the ATP generation byChromatium in darkness. Arch. Mikrobiol.64, 118–124.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Van Niel, C. B., 1936. On the metabolism of the Thiorhodaceae. Arch. Mikrobiol.7, 323–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Biologischen Anstalt Helgoland 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. A. Hashwa
    • 1
  • H. G. Trüper
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Mikrobiologie der Universität BonnBonnFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations