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Geologische Rundschau

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 728–759 | Cite as

Stratigraphy and geological history of Eastern Venezuela

  • H. H. Renz
Das Anden-Orogen

Abstract

Eastern Venezuela is divided into three geologic-geographic provinces: The Guayana shield in the south; the Eastern Venezuelan basin in the central part; and the mountains of the Serranía del Interior and Cordillera de la Costa (Caribbean Cordillera) in the northern part. The stratigraphy and geological history are discussed, as reflected by rocks of presumably pre-Cambrian, ? Triassic-Jurassic, Cretaceous, Tertiary and Quaternary ages. From the Cretaceous onward, Eastern Venezuela north of the Guayana shield and east of the El BaÚl swell, forms part of a geosyncline, the axis of which shifted southward during its history. The position of this axis governed deposition and character of the sediments, which become more marine from south to north and from west to east. Orogenic and epeirogenic movements, particularly during Miocene and Pliocene time, transformed the Eastern Venezuelan sedimentary basin into two structural basins, namely the Maturín basin on the east and the Guárico basin on the west.

Keywords

Cretaceous Miocene Stratigraphy Pliocene Sedimentary Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Ferdinand Enke Verlag Stuttgart 1957

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. H. Renz
    • 1
  1. 1.Mene Grande Oil CompanyCaracas

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