International Advances in Economic Research

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 318–323 | Cite as

Changes in living conditions in Poland under economic transition

  • Ewa Marczyńska-Witczak


This paper presents changes in living conditions which have taken place in Polish provinces during the transformation period. To define the changes, 31 measures grouped into 12 fields have been established representing some basic aspects of living conditions. They years 1990 and 1994 were taken as the period of comparison. For analysis of changes in the value of living conditions, indicators were made using the statistical measures of dispersion, dynamics, and a graphic method. The average standard of living has decreased by 4.5 of one percentage point. Among 49 administrative provinces in Poland, only seven noted an increase. It is concluded that there are growing regional disparities in the living conditions of Polish people


Economic Growth Statistical Measure International Economic Living Condition Graphic Method 
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Copyright information

© International Atlantic Economic Society 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewa Marczyńska-Witczak
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LodzPoland

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