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Correspondence analysis of incomplete contingency tables

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Abstract

Correspondence analysis can be described as a technique which decomposes the departure from independence in a two-way contingency table. In this paper a form of correspondence analysis is proposed which decomposes the departure from the quasi-independence model. This form seems to be a good alternative to ordinary correspondence analysis in cases where the use of the latter is either impossible or not recommended, for example, in case of missing data or structural zeros. It is shown that Nora's reconstitution of order zero, a procedure well-known in the French literature, is formally identical to our correspondence analysis of incomplete tables. Therefore, reconstitution of order zero can also be interpreted as providing a decomposition of the residuals from the quasi-independence model. Furthermore, correspondence analysis of incomplete tables can be performed using existing programs for ordinary correspondence analysis.

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de Leeuw, J., van der Heijden, P.G.M. Correspondence analysis of incomplete contingency tables. Psychometrika 53, 223–233 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02294134

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02294134

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