, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 163–178 | Cite as

The relation between sample and population characteristic vectors

  • Norman Cliff


Data are reported which show the statistical relation between the sample and population characteristic vectors of correlation matrices with squared multiple correlations as communality estimates. Sampling fluctuations were found to relate only to differences in the square roots of characteristic roots and to sample size. A principle for determining the number of factors to rotate and interpret after rotation is suggested.


Public Policy Characteristic Vector Statistical Theory Statistical Relation Correlation Matrice 
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Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Cliff
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern CaliforniaUSA

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