, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 309–326 | Cite as

The influence of communality, factor strength, and loading size on the sampling characteristics of factor loadings

  • Norman Cliff
  • Roger Pennell


A Monte Carlo approach is employed in determining whether or not certain variables produce systematic effects on the sampling variability of individual factor loadings. A number of sample correlation matrices were generated from a specified population, factored, and transformed to a least-squares fit to the population values. Influences of factor strength, communality and loading size are discussed in relation to the statistics summarizing the results of the above procedures. Influences producing biased estimators of the population values are also discussed.


Public Policy Factor Loading Statistical Theory Sampling Characteristic Systematic Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Cliff
    • 1
  • Roger Pennell
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern CaliforniaUSA

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