, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 121–135 | Cite as

Application of the concept of simple structure to Alexander's data

  • Mariano Yela


A battery of 20 tests originally analyzed by Alexander (1) was reworked according to the principle of simple structure. His results were sustained in general. Both analyses yielded five factors in the first-order domain. Of these, three factors in the re-analysis (v,X andF) have almost exactly the same loadings as the corresponding factors in the original work, and were interpreted in the same way. The loading pattern of a fourth factor,Z, left uninterpreted in the original study, happened to be more clear in the re-analysis, and an interpretation was attempted. It appears to be a factor of perceptual synthesis, and seems to play an important role in intellectual processes. A fifth factor, not present in Alexander's results, appeared in the new analysis: the reasoning factor, involved in inductive and deductive thinking. All four cognitive factors are related to a general factor that can be thought of as representing abstraction and education of relations and correlates, these processes being, therefore, the essential feature underlying intellectual behavior, at least in that sector surveyed by the tests of the present battery.


Public Policy Statistical Theory General Factor Original Study Essential Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Alexander, W. P. Intelligence, concrete and abstract.Brit. J. Psychol., Monograph Supplements, 1935,6, No. 19.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Thurstone, L. L. Multiple-factor analysis. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press, 1947.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thurstone, L. L. A factorial study of perception. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press, 1944.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bechtoldt, H. P. Factorial study of perceptual speed. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 1947.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meili, Richard. L'analyse de l'intelligence.Archives de Psychologie, 1946,31, No. 121, 1–64.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rimoldi, H. J. A. Study of some factors related to intelligence.Psychometrika, 1948,13, 27–47.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moore, T. V. The synthetic sense and intelligence.Psychol. Rev., 1938,45, 219–227.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Spearman, C. Theory of general factor.Brit. J. Psychol., 1946,36, 117–131.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Carroll, J. B. The factorial representation of mental ability and academic achievement.Educ. psychol. Meas., 1943,3, 307–332.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thurstone, L. L. Primary mental abilities.Psychometric Monograph No. 1. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press, 1938.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Taylor, C. W. A factorial study of fluency in writing. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation: Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 1946.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1949

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariano Yela
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of ChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations