, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 249–266 | Cite as


  • Herbert A. Toops


It is shown that theL-method is basic to test-building and to all combining of scores where the several sub-parts of a composite are weighted according to their respective standard deviations, i.e., with “equal gross score weights” or by “adding the several sub-scores.” With chiefly a listing adding machine, a few celluloid strips, and a master matrix table ofL's, one may, in a fraction of the time and with equally good or even better practical results, easily duplicate, with test-building material most of the feats obtainable by multiple regression equations.


Standard Deviation Public Policy Statistical Theory Score Weight Practical Result 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Toops, Herbert A. and Royer, Elmer B. Predicting soldiers school marks: A problem in selection of tests.Ohio College Association Bulletin No. 80, 975–1002.Google Scholar
  2. Toops, Herbert A. A self-checking technique for shortening a test.Ohio College Association Bulletin No. 92, 1934, 2027–2040.Google Scholar
  3. Hartson, L. D. The application of theL-Method of item analysis to the selection of the “best” items of the Oberlin Paragraph Reconstruction Test.Ohio College Association Bulletin No. 95, 2069–2106.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1941

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert A. Toops
    • 1
  1. 1.Ohio State UniversityUSA

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