A need-based model for determining staffing needs for the public sector outpatient mental health service system

  • David Elisha
  • Daphna Levinson
  • Alexander Grinshpoon
Brief Reports


This article proposes a need-based model for determining staffing needs for regional or national public sector outpatient mental health services. It constitutes a spreadsheet method involving a sequence of calculations relating demographic variables, workers' productivity, anticipated demand, and standards pertaining to annual visits per client distributed among the core mental health professions. The authors demonstrate the application of the model to national planning of adult outpatient mental health services using standards based on both expert consensus and existing staffing patterns while they note the need for more rigorously derived and empirically based standards. It is suggested that by using clearly stated assumptions and quantifiable variables, the model can facilitate constructive negotiations among various agencies and community organizations involved in policymaking and in budget allocations.


Mental Health Health Promotion Demographic Variable Service System Mental Health Profession 
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Copyright information

© National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Elisha
    • 1
  • Daphna Levinson
    • 2
  • Alexander Grinshpoon
    • 1
  1. 1.Ambulatory Mental Health Services, Mental Health Services, Ministry of HealthJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Research and Planning at Mental Health Services in the Ministry of HealthJerusalemIsrael

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