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Active management of an artificial rocky coast


Some aspects of the flora and fauna of the Dutch artificial rocky shores are described, together with abiotic factors determining their distribution. This leads to recommendations for future management. It is shown that there are many ways for a multifunctional use of the dikes and its flora and fauna. Certain types of flora and fauna might be used to strengthen a seawall. Examples are given of the possible application of hard substrate flora and fauna for water purification purposes and for monitoring of water and substrate quality.

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Leewis, R.J., Waardenburg, H.W. & Meijer, A.J.M. Active management of an artificial rocky coast. Hydrobiological Bulletin 23, 91–99 (1989).

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  • hard substrate flora and fauna
  • management
  • coastal protection constructions
  • water purification
  • monitoring
  • water quality
  • substrate quality