Hydrobiological Bulletin

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 104–114 | Cite as

Trace element distributions in an antarctic meromictic lake

  • Barron L. Weand
  • Robert C. Hoehn
  • Bruce C. Parker


  1. 1.

    The relative abundance in Lake Bonney of the trace elements studied was B≫M>Fe>Cu>Ni>Mo>Co, with more than 90 per cent of each element in the monimolimnion.

  2. 2.

    The monimolimnion contains concentrations of B which are probably toxic to phytoplankton, and Cu concentrations which are at least potetially toxic to these organisms.

  3. 3.

    Concentrations of B, Cu, and Mn in the mixolimnion occassionally reach potentially toxic concentrations, but there exist mitigating influences such as high calcium levels.

  4. 4.

    The relative amounts of trace elements contributed by the Sollas-Lacroix meltstream to the lake were Mn>Fe>Cu>Ni≃Co>B. Except for Co and Mo, the Sollas-Lacroix meltstream did not appear to contribute trace elements in quantities which would explain the weekly changes found in the mixolimnion.



Calcium Relative Abundance Calcium Level Element Distribution High Calcium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ANGINO, ERNEST E. and KENNETH B. ARMITAGE, 1963. A geochemical study of Lakes Bonney and Vanda, Victoria Land, Antarctica, Journ. Geol., 71: 89–95.Google Scholar
  2. ANGINO, ERNEST E., KENNETH B. ARMITAGE and JERRY C. TASH, 1964. Physicochemical limnology of Lake Bonney, Antarctica, Limnol. Oceanogr., 9: 207–217.Google Scholar
  3. ARMITAGE, KENNETH B. and HUGH B. HOUSE, 1962. A limnological reconnaissance in the area of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, Limnol. Oceanogr., 7: 36–41.Google Scholar
  4. BINGHAM, F.T., 1973. Boron in cultivated soils and irrigation water: In: Evaldo L. Kothny, ed., Trace Elements in the Environment, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  5. BLACK, ROBERT F., R.R. BROOKS and A.T. WILSON, 1967. Some trace elements in lakes of the McMurdo Oasis, Antarctica, Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta, 31: 731–736.Google Scholar
  6. CAMERON, ROY E., CHARLES N. DAVID and JONATHAN KING, 1968. Soil toxicity in Antarctica Dry Valleys, Antarctic Journal of the United States, III: 164–166.Google Scholar
  7. EDIGER, R.D., G.E. PETERSON and J.D. KERBER, 1974. Application of the graphite furnace to saline water analysis, presented at the Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Cleveland, Ohio, March 5, 1974.Google Scholar
  8. GERLOFF, GERALD C. and FOLKE SKOOG, 1957. Availability of iron and manganese in southern Wisconsin lakes for the growth ofMicrocystis aeruginosa, Ecology, 38: 551–556.Google Scholar
  9. GOLDMAN, CHARLES R., DAVID T. MASON and JOHN E. HOBBIE, 1967. Two Antarctic desert lakes, Limnol. Oceanog., 12: 295–310.Google Scholar
  10. GREENFIELD, S.S., 1942. Inhibitory effect of inorganic compounds on photosynthesis inChlorella, Am. Journ. Botany, 29: 121–131.Google Scholar
  11. HASSALL, K.A., 1962. A specific effect of copper on the respiration ofChlorella vulgaris. Nature, 193: 90.Google Scholar
  12. HEDGPETH, JOEL W., 1974. The sea: a biological system. In: Bela G. Liptak, ed., Environmental Engineers' Handbook Volume I, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  13. HOEHN, R.C., B.C. PARKER, R.D. FORTNER, B.L. WEAND, J.A. CRAFT, L.S. LANE, R.W. STAVROS, H.G. SUGG Jr. and J.T. WHITEHURST, in press. Nitrogen and phosphorus availability to plankton and benthic communities in Lake Bonney, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. In: Llano, G.A., ed., Third (SCAR) Symposium on Antarctic Biology,Adaptations Within Antarctic Ecosystems, 26–30, August 1974.Google Scholar
  14. JONES, J.B. Jr., and M.H. WARNER, 1969. Analysis of plant-ash solutions by spark-emission spectroscopy. In: E.L. Grove and A.J. Perkins, eds., Developments in Applied Spectroscopy. Volume 7A, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  15. KOOB, D.D. and G.L. LEISTER, 1972. Primary productivity and associated physical, chemical and biological characterstics of Lake Bonney: a perennially ice-coverd lake in Antarctica. Antarc. Res. Ser. (Am. Geophys. Union), 20: 51–68.Google Scholar
  16. PARKER, B., R. HOEHN, R. PATERSON, J. CRAFT, L. LANE, R. STAVROS, H. SUGG, J. WHITEHURST, R. FORTNER and B. WEAND, in press. Changes in dissolved organic matter, photosynthetic production, and microbial community composition in Lake Bonney, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. In: G.A. Llano, ed., Third (SCAR) Symposium on Antarctic Biology,Adaptations Within Antarctic Ecosystems, 27–30, August, 1974.Google Scholar
  17. PEWE, TROY, L., 1960. Multiple glaciation in the McMurdo Sound region, Antarctica — a progress report, Journ. Geol., 68: 498–514.Google Scholar
  18. STEPHENS, GEORGE C. and FREDRIC R. SIEGEL, 1969. Calcium salts from Taylor Glacier, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctic Journal of the United States, IV: 133.Google Scholar
  19. TORII, TETSUYA, et al. 1975. Geochemical and geophysical studies of Dry Valleys, Victoria Land in Antarctica, Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research, Special Issue No. 4, Tokyo, Japan.Google Scholar
  20. WEAND, B.L., 1975. The chemical limnology of Lake Bonney, Antarctica, with emphasis on trace metals and nutrients, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1–189 (unpublished dissertation).Google Scholar
  21. WETZEL, ROBERT G., 1975. Limnology, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  22. WHITMAN, C., R. HOEHN, R. KRUTCHKOFF and B. PARKER, in press. Mathematical models of benthic and plankton communities in Lake Bonney, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. In: G.A. Llano, ed., Third (SCAR) Symposium on Antarctic Biology,Adaptations Within Antarctic Ecosystems, 26–30 August, 1974.Google Scholar
  23. YAMAGATA, N., T. TORII and S. MURATA, 1967. Report of the Japanese summer parties in the Dry Valleys, 1963–65. Part V, Chemical composition of lake waters, Antarctic Record (Japan), 29: 2339–2361.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Netherlands Hydrobiological Society 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barron L. Weand
    • 1
  • Robert C. Hoehn
    • 1
  • Bruce C. Parker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

Personalised recommendations